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AVANTI 3: a randomized, double-blind trial to compare the efficacy and safety of lamivudine plus zidovudine versus lamivudine plus zidovudine plus nelfinavir in HIV-1-infected antiretroviral-naive patients



AVANTI 3: a randomized, double-blind trial to compare the efficacy and safety of lamivudine plus zidovudine versus lamivudine plus zidovudine plus nelfinavir in HIV-1-infected antiretroviral-naive patients



Antiviral Therapy 6(2): 127-134



The objective of our randomized, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to investigate the safety, tolerability, and antiretroviral and immunological effect of double and triple combination therapy regimens. A total of 105 antiretroviral therapy-naive patients were randomized to receive either zidovudine (300 mg twice per day) plus lamivudine (150 mg twice per day) plus nelfinavir placebo (three times per day) (n=52), or zidovudine/lamivudine (dose as before) plus nelfinavir (750 mg three times per day) (n=53) for 28 weeks. After this time, patients were allowed to switch to open-label zidovudine/lamivudine/nelfinavir. The overall log10 reduction from baseline in plasma HIV-1 RNA was significantly greater in the zidovudine/lamivudine/nelfinavir group than the zidovudine/lamivudine group (P=0.001; median treatment difference, -1.01 log10 copies/ml; 95% confidence interval -1.23 to -0.79), as measured by the average area under the curve minus baseline over 28 weeks. Increases from baseline in CD4 cell counts were statistically significantly greater in the zidovudine/ lamivudine/nelfinavir group (101.5 cells/ml) than the zidovudine/lamivudine group (47.0 cells/ml; P=0.027) at week 28. Of note, the addition of nelfinavir from weeks 28-52 led to an increase in the proportion of subjects with plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 copies/ml from 17% (9/52 patients on zidovudine/lamivudine) to 50% (13/26 patients who switched to zidovudine/lamivudine/nelfinavir). Incidence of drug-related adverse events was similar in the two groups, except for nausea (more common in zidovudine/lamivudine group; 40 versus 17%) and diarrhoea (more common in zidovudine/lamivudine/nelfinavir group; 45 versus 14%). In conclusion, our study confirms the efficacy of triple combination therapy with two nucleoside analogues and a protease inhibitor compared with double-nucleoside therapy. Interestingly, the addition of nelfinavir to zidovudine/lamivudine, even after 6 months of double nucleoside therapy, led to a substantial virological benefit that was sustained over 24weeks in a subset of patients.

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Accession: 045135877

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PMID: 11491417


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