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Acute optic neuritis in children: clinical features and treatment. A study of 28 eyes in 20 children

Acute optic neuritis in children: clinical features and treatment. A study of 28 eyes in 20 children

Journal Francais d'Ophtalmologie 24(1): 36-44

Analyzing a personal series of children with acute optic neuritis (AON), we studied A retrospective study of 28 eyes in 20 patients (mean age: 10;7 years), examined between 1982 and 1997, with a follow-up ranging from 6 months to 15 years (mean: 5;5 years). We recorded etiologic factors, clinical features (ocular and extra ocular), biological results, and neuroimaging findings. Initial involvement was uni- or bilateral with poor visual acuity (under 20/200 in 22 eyes of 28). Intracerebral inflammation was present in 9 of 13 cases where MRI was performed. We found a cause in only 7 cases (5 viral diseases and 2 recent vaccinations against hepatitis B). Visual recovery was good (over 20/25 in 20 eyes of 28) whatever the treatment, but AON recurred in 5 children. Four children later developed multiple sclerosis. The cause of AON is rarely found. After eliminating an infection, we retained viral disease, complication of a recent vaccination against hepatitis B, and neurological diseases. MRI was the imaging study of choice. Development of multiple sclerosis occurred in 4 cases of 20, the same frequency as in the literature. The risk of later development of multiple sclerosis was 20%. Progression of AON was often excellent. Nevertheless, corticotherapy was added, in form of intravenous boluses followed by decreasing oral therapy for one month.

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Accession: 045166391

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PMID: 11240469

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