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Alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor agonist activity in the venom of the Australian huntsman spiders, Delena cancerides and Isopeda montana


, : Alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor agonist activity in the venom of the Australian huntsman spiders, Delena cancerides and Isopeda montana. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology 20(2): 127-134

1. Crude venom gland extracts (VGE) were prepared from female Delena cancerides and Isopeda montana spiders. The VGE were tested in isolated rat atrial, caudal artery and pithed rat preparations for pharmacological activity. 2. In rat isolated atrial preparations, D. cancerides and I. montana VGE, each in a concentration of 2 glands/mL, produced increases in atrial rate which were abolished by propranolol (1 mumol/L) but not by ketanserin (0.1 mumol/L) or reserpine pretreatment (2.5 mg/kg s.c. 24 h prior to experimentation) indicating a direct action on atrial beta-adrenoceptors. 3. In rat caudal artery preparations each VGE produced an increase in perfusion pressure, which was taken as an index of vasoconstriction. Pressor responses to D. cancerides VGE (1 gland/mL) were abolished in the presence of prazosin (1 mol/L) but not by reserpine pretreatment, indicating an action of the VGE on vascular alpha 1-adrenoceptors. Neither prazosin nor reserpine pretreatment had any effect on pressor responses of rat caudal artery preparations to I. montana VGE. Ketanserin (6 nmol/L) produced a small reduction in the degree of vasoconstriction produced by the VGE. This demonstrates a lack of alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist activity of the VGE. 4. Both VGE produced dose-dependent increases in mean arterial pressure and heart rate in pithed rat preparations. The use of relatively selective receptor antagonists indicated that the increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) produced by both VGE were mediated by an action on alpha 2-adrenoceptors.

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Accession: 045204227

PMID: 8095195

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Korszniak, N.V.; Story, D.F., 1993: Alpha - and beta -adrenoceptor agonist activity in the venom of the Australian huntsman spiders, Delena cancerides and Isopeda montana. Crude venom gland extracts (VGE) were prepared from female D. cancerides and I. montana. The VGE were tested in isolated rat atrial, caudal artery and pithed rat preparations for pharmacological activity. In rat isolated atrial preparations, D. ca...

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