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Antimutagenicity of hydrolyzable tannins from Terminalia chebula in Salmonella typhimurium

, : Antimutagenicity of hydrolyzable tannins from Terminalia chebula in Salmonella typhimurium. Mutation Research 419(1-3): 169-179

A tannin fraction (TC-E) from the dried fruit pulp of Terminalia chebula was obtained by successfully extracting with 95% ethyl alcohol and ethyl acetate. TC-E was subjected to silica gel chromatography which yielded four fractions, viz., TC-EI, TC-EII, TC-EIII and TC-EIV. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) and 13C-NMR revealed that TC-EI was gallic acid (GA) derivative while the other fractions were tannin in nature. TC-E and its fractions were evaluated for their antimutagenic potential against two direct-acting mutagens, 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine (NPD) and 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide (4NQNO), and S9-dependent mutagen, 2-aminofluorene (2AF) in TA98 and TA100 strains of Salmonella typhimurium. The study revealed that the extract (TC-E) and its fractions were highly significant against S9-dependent mutagen, 2AF. The effect was found to be more or less corresponding with the nature of the fractions, as the monomeric TC-EI (a GA derivative) was least effective as compared to other fractions which were oligomeric, and the order of their effectiveness as per their IbD50 value being TC-EIV (8.9 micrograms)>TC-EIII (17.8 micrograms)>TC-EII (45 micrograms)>TC-EI (320 micrograms) in TA98; TC-EIV being 40 times more effective than TC-EI in inhibiting his+ revertants. A similar effect was noticed in TA100 too, where TC-EI was the least effective and TC-EII had the maximum effect. A similar result was noticed when the antimutagenicity of GA (a monomeric) was compared with tannic acid (TA, an oligomeric). However, chebula tannins were found to be partly effective against NPD but not at all effective against 4NQNO.

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Accession: 045278376

PMID: 9804945

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