EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Gaucher's disease;thirty-two years experience at Siriraj Hospital
A study of Macrobathra Meyrick from China (Lepidoptera, Cosmopterigidae)
First occurrence in ores of tetragonal chalcocite
Effects of trace element nutrition on sleep patterns in adult women
N.Z. range management guidelines. 2. Design of grazing management systems for tussock country
A case of lipoma of the esophagus
A revision of world Acanthosomatidae (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): keys to and descriptions of subfamilies, tribes and genera, with designation of types
Life history of the coronate scyphozoan Linuche unguiculata (Swartz, 1788)
Perceptual restoration of obliterated sounds
Mutagenicity studies on two chromium(III) coordination compounds
The formation of the skeleton. I. Growth of a long bone. 1st appearance of a center of calcification
Leucopenia and abnormal liver function in travellers on malaria chemoprophylaxis
The joint commission: four key root causes loom large in sentinel event data
Treatment of vitiligo with topical 15% lactic acid solution in combination with ultra violet-A
Behaviour of dairy cows within three hours after feed supply: I. Influence of housing type and time elapsing after feed supply
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Management and control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: results from the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS)
The diet composition and nutritional knowledge of patients with anorexia nervosa
Physoporella croatica Herak, 1958 of the Slovak karst Anisian (Slovakia, the West Carpathians Mts.)
Bright lights, big noise. How effective are vehicle warning systems?
Ein Plesiosaurier-Rest mit Magensteinen aus mittlerem Lias von Quedlinburg
Incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in patients with sterility
Monster soup: the microscope and Victorian fantasy
Preliminary tests with residual sprays against poultry lice
Duration of the life of plants in phylogeny

Assessment of behavioural risk factors associated with HIV infection among youth in Moshi rural district, Tanzania


Assessment of behavioural risk factors associated with HIV infection among youth in Moshi rural district, Tanzania



East African Medical Journal 75(9): 528-532



ISSN/ISBN: 0012-835X

PMID: 10493055

To determine behavioural risk factors associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity among 1104 youth aged 15-24 years we conducted a cross-sectional survey in Moshi rural district in northern Tanzania. Information was obtained about sociodemographic characteristics as well as sexual and reproductive health behaviour. Anonymous blood samples were taken for HIV testing. Positive HIV antibodies were determined and confirmed by two Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays (ELISA). Of 1104 youth interviewed, 91% (1003) consented for blood specimen taking. Seven out of ten youth volunteered to have had sexual intercourse at least once in their lifetime; 60% reported to consume alcohol and 50% of the sexually experienced females reported to have received a gift for their sexual encounter. The overall HIV seroprevalence was 7.5% (75/1003); females compared to males were twice as likely to be HIV positive, 9.7% and 5% respectively. Behavioural risk factors associated with HIV seropositivity were different in male compared to female youth. Among male subjects, cigarette smoking, ever use of marijuana and having a past history of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) were significant risk factors associated with increased risk of HIV seropositivity. On the other hand, in females, those with a past or current history of STDs, those who volunteered that they practiced oral sex and subjects with four or more lifetime sexual partners were more likely to be HIV positive than subjects without a history of an STD, those with single sexual partner or had never practiced oral sex. A four fold increased risk of HIV seropositivity was also observed among female subjects with a history of blood transfusion in the previous 10 years compared to having received none, the Odds ratio was 4.1 (95% CI = 1.5, 11.1). The profile of risk behaviour associated with HIV seropositivity calls for an urgent need to target health information and education interventions to bring about a change in behaviour among the youth and hopefully help to reduce the rate of transmission of HIV infection.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 045312435

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

A Community-based study of risk factors for Trichomonas vaginalis infection among women and their male partners in Moshi urban district, northern Tanzania. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 33(12): 712-718, 2006

Perceptions of AIDS risk and condom use among out-of-school adolescents in Moshi rural district, northern Tanzania. East African Journal of Public Health 9(2): 53-57, 2012

Attitudes and perceived impact of antiretroviral therapy on sexual risk behaviour among young people in Kahe, Moshi Rural District, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal Of Health Research: 4, 203-212, 2008

Attitudes and perceived impact of antiretroviral therapy on sexual risk behaviour among young people in Kahe, Moshi Rural District, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10(4): 203-212, 2008

Female Genital Mutilation in Moshi Rural District, Tanzania. International Quarterly of Community Health Education 19(2): 103-118, 1999

Prevalence of and predictors of substance use among adolescents in rural villages of Moshi district, Tanzania. East African Journal of Public Health 8(1): 1-5, 2011

The use of nominal group technique in identifying community health priorities in Moshi rural district, northern Tanzania. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 7(3): 133-141, 2005

Promoting safer sexual practices among young adults: a survey of health workers in Moshi Rural District, Tanzania. Aids Care 7(4): 501-507, 1995

An assessment of water availability for maize in Lower Moshi, Moshi District. Journal of the Geographical Association of Tanzania 16: 108-139, 1979

Gender inequality increases women's risk of hiv infection in Moshi, Tanzania. Journal of Biosocial Science 40(4): 505-525, 2008

Prevalence of and risk factors associated with alcohol abuse in Moshi, northern Tanzania. Journal of Biosocial Science 40(3): 379-399, 2008

Alcohol abuse, sexual risk behaviors, and sexually transmitted infections in women in Moshi urban district, northern Tanzania. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 36(2): 102-107, 2009

Assessment of the risk approach to maternity care in a district hospital in rural Tanzania. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 40(1): 33-37, 1993

Retrospective follow-up of maternal deaths and their associated risk factors in a rural district of Tanzania. Tropical Medicine and International Health: Tm and Ih 3(2): 130-137, 1998

Sexual violence at first intercourse against women in Moshi, northern Tanzania: prevalence, risk factors, and consequences. Population Studies 62(3): 335-348, 2008