Association of gastrointestinal hemorrhage with increased blood urea nitrogen and BUN/creatinine ratio in dogs: a literature review and retrospective study

Prause, L.C..; Grauer, G.F..

Veterinary Clinical Pathology 27(4): 107-111

1998


ISSN/ISBN: 0275-6382
PMID: 12075537
DOI: 10.1111/j.1939-165x.1998.tb01028.x
Accession: 045320034

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Abstract
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatine concentrations were recorded from the medical records of 52 dogs with clinical evidence for upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGH) at the Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital between 1988 and 1995. Eighteen of the dogs had melena, 11 dogs had hematemesis, and 23 dogs had both melena and hematemesis. Compared with age-matched control dogs, dogs with suspected UGH had a significantly higher BUN concentration (31.0 mg/dL vs. 16.5 mg/dL), creatinine concentration (1.2 mg/dL vs. 1.1 mg/dL) and BUN/creatinine ratio (27.6 vs. 14.4). The increase in BUN/creatinine ratio suggested that the increased BUN concentration in dogs with evidence for UGH primarily was associated with increased gastrointestinal absorption of nitrogenous compounds, and hepatic ureagenesis.

Association of gastrointestinal hemorrhage with increased blood urea nitrogen and BUN/creatinine ratio in dogs: a literature review and retrospective study