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Attention processes in children with shunted hydrocephalus versus attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder

Attention processes in children with shunted hydrocephalus versus attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder

Neuropsychology 15(2): 185-198

Children with congenital hydrocephalus, children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and normal controls were evaluated with measures of focused attention (Visual Orienting and Detection Task), sustained attention (continuous performance test), and attention shifting (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test). Components from these tasks have been linked to attention systems mediated by anterior or posterior brain networks. Children with congenital hydrocephalus showed an inability to focus and shift attention, which specifically implicated impairment of the disengage and move components of the posterior brain attention system. Children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder displayed the expected performance patterns on measures of focused attention once their difficulties with sustained attention were taken into account. However, they showed problems with shifting and sustaining attention, which are commonly associated with the anterior brain attention system.

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Accession: 045328790

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11324862

DOI: 10.1037/0894-4105.15.2.185

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