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Autocrine growth mechanism by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 and TGF-beta 1-receptor regulation by epidermal growth factor in a human endometrial cancer cell line IK-90



Autocrine growth mechanism by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 and TGF-beta 1-receptor regulation by epidermal growth factor in a human endometrial cancer cell line IK-90



International Journal of Cancer 54(5): 862-867



Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) enhanced cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner in a human endometrial cancer cell line, IK-90. Scatchard analysis of TGF-beta 1 receptor in IK-90 cells, using 125I-TGF-beta 1 as a ligand, revealed the presence of a class of high-affinity TGF-beta 1 receptors (2,000 sites per cell, KD = 74pM). Moreover, IK-90 cells produced and secreted TGF-beta 1: TGF-beta 1 messenger RNA was detected at 2.5 and 4.0 kb by Northern-blot analysis using 32P-labeled TGF-beta 1 cDNA as a probe, and TGF-beta 1 activity in conditioned medium by the inhibition of 3H-thymidine uptake into CCl 64 mink lung epithelial cells. We investigated the regulation of TGF-beta 1 receptor by 4 kinds of growth factor: epidermal growth factor (EGF) but not TGF-beta 1, insulin or insulin-like growth factor-1 increased the level of TGF-beta 1 binding sites in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. These findings suggest that TGF-beta 1 may be a potential autocrine growth factor in a human endometrial cancer cell line IK-90 and that this autocrine mechanism may be affected by EGF.

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Accession: 045335320

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PMID: 8392035


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