Bone Marrow Transplantation: Prognostic Factors of Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Mobilization with Cyclophosphamide and Filgrastim (r-metHuG-CSF) : The CD34+ Cell Dose Positively Affects the Time to Hematopoietic Recovery and Supportive Requirements after High-Dose Chemotherapy
Solá, C..; Maroto, P..; Salazar, R..; Mesía, R..; Mendoza, L..; Brunet, J..; López-Pousa, A..; Tabernero, J..M..; Montesinos, J..; Pericay, C..; Martínez, C..; Cancelas, J..A..; López-López, J..J..
Hematology 4(3): 195-209
To prospectively analyze factors that influence peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection and hematopoietic recovery after high-dose chemotherapy (HDC), 39 patients received cyclophosphamide 4 g/m(2) and rHuG-CSF (Filgrastim) 5 &mgr;g/kg/day. Leukapheresis was started when CD34(+) cells/mL were > 5 x 10(3). A minimum of 2 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg was collected. Median steady-state bone marrow CD34(+) cell percentage was 0.8% (range, 0.1 to 6). Thirty-two patients received HDC with autologous PBSC transplantation plus Filgrastim. A median of 2 (range, 0 to 6) leukapheresis per patient were performed and a median of 6.3 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg (range, 0 to 44.4) collected; four patients failed to mobilize CD34(+) cells. The number of cycles of prior chemotherapy had an inverse correlation with the number CD34(+) cells/kg collected (r = -0.38; p < 0.005). Patients with <7 cycles had a higher predictability for onset of leukapheresis than patients with (3) 7 (93% versus 50%; p < 0.005). The four patients who failed to mobilize had received >/=7 cycles. The number of CD34(+) cells/kg infused after HDC had an inverse correlation with days to recovery to 0.5 x 10(9) neutrophils/L and 20 x 10(9) platelets/L (r = -0.68 and -0.56; p < 0.005). The effect of these factors on mobilization and hematopoietic recovery were confirmed by multivariate analysis. Requirements for supportive measures were significantly lower in patients given a higher dose of CD34(+) cells/kg. Therefore, PBSC collection should be planned early in the course of chemotherapy. Larger number of CD34(+) cells/kg determined a more rapid hematopoietic recovery and a decrease of required supportive measures.