Adverse effects of the insecticides chlordecone and fipronil on population growth and expression of the entire cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes in the freshwater rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus and the marine rotifer Brachionus plicatilis
Lee, Y.H.; Park, J.C.; Hwang, U.-K.; Lee, J.-S.; Han, J.
Aquatic Toxicology 202: 181-187
ISSN/ISBN: 1879-1514 PMID: 30055411 DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2018.07.014
Chlordecone and fipronil are used as an insecticide and have been widely detected in the aquatic environments. However, their toxicity is still poorly investigated in aquatic invertebrates. In this study, we examined effects of chlordecone and fipronil on population growth and transcriptional regulation of the entire cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes in the freshwater rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus and the marine rotifer B. plicatilis. In B. calyciflorus, a 24 h-no observed effect concentration (NOEC-24 h) and a 24 h-median lethal concentration (LC50-24 h) of chlordecone were determined as 100 μg/L and 193.8 μg/L, respectively, while NOEC-24 h and LC50-24 h of fipronil were determined as 1000 μg/L and 2033.0 μg/L, respectively. In B. plicatilis, NOEC-24 h and LC50-24 h of chlordecone were 100 μg/L and 291.0 μg/L, respectively, while NOEC-24 h and LC50-24 h of fipronil were determined as 1000 μg/L and 5735.0 μg/L, respectively. Moreover, retardation in the population growth were observed in response to chlordecone and fipronil in both rotifer species, suggesting that chlordecone and fipronil have a potential adverse effects on life cycle parameters of two rotifer species. Additionally, modulation in the expressions of the entire CYP genes were demonstrated in response to chlordecone and fipronil at 24 h period. These results provide the better understanding on how chlordecone and fipronil can affect in population growth of two rotifers and CYP gene expressions in chlordecone- and fipronil-exposed rotifers.