+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Cardiovascular effects of active coping behavior in mental and social stress situations during various incentive conditions

Cardiovascular effects of active coping behavior in mental and social stress situations during various incentive conditions

Zeitschrift für Experimentelle Psychologie 43(2): 256-278

The main purpose of this study was to examine the cardiovascular effects of active coping behavior during mental and social challenge. Furthermore, the additional effects of monetary incentives were explored. A total of 80 normotensive male students of the ages 19 to 30 years served as subjects. Statistical analyses revealed strong task-specific effects on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) as well as heart rate (HR). Compared to Mental Arithmetic and Preparing a Discussion Task, social challenges during Discussion lead to exaggerated increases in SBP (37.6 mmHg) and HR (26.1 bpm) coupled with intermediate elevations in DBP (18.0 mmHg). Monetary incentives were associated with enhanced HR reactivity. The intra-task correlation pattern showed a remarkable across-task stability of correlations between SBP and HR reactivity scores, with an apparent lack of significant correlations between SBP and DBP reactivity scores. Results of inter-task correlations supported the hypothesis of specific cardiovascular response patterns that might be indicative of different aspects of active coping with mental and social stress.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 045444335

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9005026

Related references

Incentive effects on cardiovascular reactivity in active coping with unclear task difficulty. International Journal of Psychophysiology 61(2): 216-225, 2005

Incentive value, unclear task difficulty, and cardiovascular reactivity in active coping. International Journal of Psychophysiology 63(3): 294-301, 2007

Effects of social anxiety and evaluative threat on cardiovascular responses to active performance situations. Biological Psychology 74(1): 67-74, 2006

A stress-coping model of mental illness stigma: II. Emotional stress responses, coping behavior and outcome. Schizophrenia Research 110(1-3): 65-71, 2009

Effects of Minority Stress, Group-Level Coping, and Social Support on Mental Health of German Gay Men. Plos One 11(3): E0150562, 2016

The effects of a stress management program on mental health and the coping behavior for the children of alcoholics. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi 35(1): 77-86, 2005

Effects of coping behavior in different warning signal conditions on stress pathology in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 77(1): 1-13, 1971

Affiliation moderates the effects of social threat on stress-related cardiovascular responses: boundary conditions for a laboratory model of social support. Psychosomatic Medicine 57(2): 183-194, 1995

Effects of behavior and social condition on cardiovascular response to footshock stress. Physiology & Behavior 46(6): 961-966, 1989

Social evaluation and cardiovascular response: an active coping approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69(3): 530-543, 1995

Age differences in cardiovascular reactivity under active coping conditions. Psychophysiology 23(1): 113-120, 1986

Social patterning of stress and coping: does disadvantaged social statuses confer more stress and fewer coping resources?. Social Science and Medicine 67(3): 368-379, 2008

Anger-coping types and cardiovascular reactivity to a mental stress. Scripta Medica (Brno) 70(4-5): 159-164, 1997

Vigilance, active coping, and cardiovascular reactivity during social interaction in young men. Health Psychology 19(4): 382-392, 2000

Cardiovascular reactivity and interpersonal influence: active coping in a social context. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56(2): 209-218, 1989