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Characterization of an acetylcholine receptor gene of Haemonchus contortus in relation to levamisole resistance

Characterization of an acetylcholine receptor gene of Haemonchus contortus in relation to levamisole resistance

Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 84(2): 179-187

The anthelminitic drug levamisole is thought to bind to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of nematodes. It is possible that resistance to this drug is associated with either a change in binding characteristics or a reduction in the number of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Therefore, the molecular mechanism of levamisole resistance in the parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus was studied by isolating and characterising cDNA clones encoding a putative ligand binding nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit, HCAl, of two susceptible and one levamisole resistant population. Hcal is related to unc-38, a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit gene associated with levamisole resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans. Although extensive sequence analyses of hcal sequences revealed polymorphism at amino acid level, no association with levamisole resistance could be detected. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses confirmed that, although polymorphism was detected, no selection of a specific allele of hcal has taken place during selection for levamisole resistance in various levamisole resistant populations.

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Accession: 045489818

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9084038

DOI: 10.1016/s0166-6851(96)02793-4

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