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Characterization of visible dyes for four-decay fluorescence detection in DNA sequencing

Characterization of visible dyes for four-decay fluorescence detection in DNA sequencing

Analytical Chemistry 69(13): 2392-2397

Dyes of several classes were investigated as candidates for use in a multiplex, four-decay fluorescence detection scheme for DNA sequencing. The dyes include nitrobenzofuran dyes, rhodamine dyes, fluorescein dyes, cyanine dyes, Nile Red, and BODIPY dyes. Based on the results of fluorescence spectral and lifetime studies, an initial set of four dyes was selected for further study: NBD-aminohexanoic acid (NBD-HA, r = 1.1 ns), tetramethyl-rhodamine, methyl ester (r = 2.2 ns), rhodamine green (r = 4.3 ns), and BODIPY 505/515 (r = 5.9 ns). Limits of lifetime detection of the four dyes were investigated, and lifetime resolution was demonstrated for mixtures of the free dyes in batch solution. Lifetime of dye-labeled DNA primers also were determined in batch solution and detected on-the-fly in capillary electrophoresis (CE). Conjugation of the dyes to DNA improved the resolution of their individual lifetimes in mixtures in batch measurements. When attached to the primer, tetramethyl-rhodamine exhibited biexponential decay with a dominant lifetime of 3.8 ns, making it unsuitable for four-decay sequencing. Contact with the CE gel lengthened the lifetime of NBD-HA-labeled primer from 1.3 to 2.1 ns but did not affect the lifetimes of the other dyes. Lifetime detectability of labeled primers at individual points along an electrophoretic peak in the attomole range.

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Accession: 045495394

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9212706

DOI: 10.1021/ac961281p

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