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Compaction of rods: relaxation and ordering in vibrated, anisotropic granular material



Compaction of rods: relaxation and ordering in vibrated, anisotropic granular material



Physical Review. E Statistical Physics Plasmas Fluids and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 61(6 Pt B): 6914-6921



We report on experiments to measure the temporal and spatial evolution of packing arrangements of anisotropic, cylindrical granular material, using high-resolution capacitive monitoring. In these experiments, the particle configurations start from an initially disordered, low-packing-fraction state and under vertical vibrations evolve to a dense, highly ordered, nematic state in which the long particle axes align with the vertical tube walls. We find that the orientational ordering process is reflected in a characteristic, steep rise in the local packing fraction. At any given height inside the packing, the ordering is initiated at the container walls and proceeds inward. We explore the evolution of the local as well as the height-averaged packing fraction as a function of vibration parameters and compare our results to relaxation experiments conducted on spherically shaped granular materials.

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Accession: 045581111

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11088384

DOI: 10.1103/physreve.61.6914


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