+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Comparative validity of the MMPI-2 Wiener-Harmon subtle-obvious scales in male prison inmates



Comparative validity of the MMPI-2 Wiener-Harmon subtle-obvious scales in male prison inmates



Journal of Personality Assessment 72(1): 36-48



The Wiener-Harmon subtle-obvious MMPI subscales (Wiener, 1948; Wiener & Harmon, 1946) have been the subject of considerable debate. In this study, we examined the intercorrelations among full clinical scale T scores and their subtle and obvious subscales in an offender population. Low subtle to full-scale correlations were observed, suggesting that these items contribute little to full-scale scores. Further, we explored the criterion validity of the MMPI-2 subtle-obvious scales in this forensic sample. The results demonstrated that the obvious scales of the MMPI-2 had greater criterion validity than the subtle scales when compared to crime history data. Scores on the subtle subscales were unrelated to crime history. The Ma-O subscale demonstrated the strongest association to crime history data. The findings from this study add to a mounting body of evidence indicating that when respondents are in a position to understand item content, and can therefore provide a direct self-appraisal, responses are most predictive of clinical criteria.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 045586784

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10205869

DOI: 10.1207/s15327752jpa7201_2


Related references

Comparison of the Wiener-Harmon Subtle^Obvious scales and the standard validity scales in detecting valid and invalid MMPI-2 profiles. Psychological Assessment 5(1): 53-61, 1993

A limitation of using the Wiener and Harmon obvious and subtle scales to detect faking on the MMPI. Journal of Clinical Psychology 46(6): 782-786, 1990

Validity of the Wiener Subtle and Obvious Scales for the MMPI: another example of the importance of inventory-item content. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 50(3): 469-470, 1982

Failure of Wiener and Harmon Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) subtle scales as personality descriptors and as validity indicators. Psychological Assessment 2(3): 281-285, 1990

Differential validity of the MMPI-2 Subtle and Obvious scales with psychiatric inpatients: scale 2. Journal of Clinical Psychology 51(4): 526-531, 1995

Subtle-obvious scales of the MMPI: indicators of profile validity in a psychiatric population. Journal of Personality Assessment 56(3): 536-544, 1991

Efficacy of MMPI-2 validity scales and MCMI-II modifier scales for detecting spurious PTSD claims: F, F-K, fake bad scale, ego strength, subtle-obvious subscales, DIS, and DEB. Journal of Clinical Psychology 48(5): 681-688, 1992

Male and female prison inmates' differences on MMPI scales and revised beta IQ. Psychological Reports 37(2): 471-474, 1975

An examination of the MMPI-2 Wiener-Harmon Subtle subscales for D and Hy: implications for parent scale and neurotic triad interpretation. Journal of Personality Assessment 77(1): 105-121, 2001

Faking the MMPI-2: utility of the Subtle-Obvious scales. Journal of Clinical Psychology 52(5): 525-533, 1996

Faking detection validity and incremental validity of response latencies to mmpi subtle and obvious items. Journal of Personality Assessment 53(2): 278-295, 1989

Reliability of the MMPI-2 Subtle and Obvious scales with psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Personality Assessment 62(2): 346-351, 1994

Using the Megargee MMPI-based classification system with MMPI-2s of male prison inmates. Psychological Assessment 6(4): 337-344, 1994

The response of prison inmates to seven new MMPI scales. Journal of Clinical Psychology 15(2): 196-197, 1959

The validity of MMPI subtle and obvious items in psychiatric patients. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42(1): 100-108, 1986