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Comparison of mandibular morphology in Korean and European-American children with Class III malocclusions using finite-element morphometry



Comparison of mandibular morphology in Korean and European-American children with Class III malocclusions using finite-element morphometry



Journal of Orthodontics 27(2): 135-142



The purpose of this study was to determine whether the morphology of the mandible differed in subjects of diverse ethnic origin exhibiting Class III malocclusions. Lateral cephalographs of 147 children of either Korean or European-American descent aged between 5 and 11 years were compared. The cephalographs were subdivided into seven age- and sex-matched groups, traced, and eight mandibular homologous landmarks digitized. Average mandibular geometries, scaled to an equivalent size, were computed using Procrustes superimposition and subjected to ANOVA. Graphical analysis using a colour-coded finite element (FEM) programme was used to localize differences in morphology. Results indicated that the overall mean Korean and European-American mandibular configurations differed statistically (P < 0.001) and statistical difference was maintained at all age-wise comparisons. Comparing Korean and European-American Class III mandibular configurations for local size-change, FEM analysis revealed that the Korean condylar and mental regions generally were smaller (approximately 15-20 per cent decrease in size, respectively). However, an antero-posterior increase in the size of the mandibular corpus was most apparent in the incisor alveolus region (approximately 35 per cent increase in size). For shape-change, the Korean and European-American mandibular configurations were fairly isotropic except in the symphyseal and incisor alveolus regions. Dissimilarities in mandibular morphology are identifiable particularly in the dento-alveolar regions in subjects of diverse ethnic origin exhibiting Class III malocclusions. These differences may reflect genetic and/or environmental influences that might determine the severity and prevalence of the condition, and its subsequent clinical management.

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Accession: 045593889

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10867069

DOI: 10.1093/ortho/27.2.135


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