Comparison of the signaling mechanisms involved in the ETB receptor-mediated secretagogue action of endothelin-1 on dispersed zona glomerulosa cells and capsule-zona glomerulosa preparations of the rat adrenal gland

Rebuffat, P.; Macchi, C.; Malendowicz, L.K.; Nussdorfer, G.G.

International Journal of Molecular Medicine 5(1): 43-47


ISSN/ISBN: 1107-3756
PMID: 10601572
DOI: 10.3892/ijmm.5.1.43
Accession: 045598697

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Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a hypertensive peptide, which is expressed in the rat adrenal gland, where it stimulates aldosterone secretion from zona glomerulosa (ZG) by activating the ETb receptor subtype. A higher effectiveness of ET-1 has been frequently observed when the integrity of adrenal tissue is preserved. Hence, we compared the aldosterone secretagogue action of ET-1 on dispersed rat ZG cells and capsule-ZG strips. ET-1 concentration-dependently raised aldosterone output by both preparations with similar potency. However, the efficacy of the maximal effective concentration of ET-1 (10-8 M) was about 2.7-fold higher in capsule-ZG strips. The ETb-receptor antagonist BQ-788 (10-7 M) abolished aldosterone response to 10-8 M ET-1 in both ZG preparations, while the ETa receptor antagonist BQ-123 was ineffective. The aldosterone secretagogue action of 10-8 M ET-1 on dispersed ZG cells was concentration-dependently suppressed by the protein kinase (PK) inhibitor calphostin-C. Conversely, both calphostin-C and the nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) evoked a concentration-dependent partial reversal of the aldosterone response to 10-8 M ET-1 of capsule-ZG strips. The NO donor L-arginine enhanced basal aldosterone yield of capsular strips, but not dispersed ZG cells. The PKA, cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase inhibitors H-89, indomethacin and phenidone, as well as the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist l-alprenolol, were ineffective. Collectively, these findings allow us to conclude that in the rat i) the ETb receptor-mediated PKC activation is the main signaling mechanism involved in the direct stimulatory effect of ET-1 on ZG cells; and ii) the higher responsiveness of capsular strips to ET-1 may be accounted for by the ETb receptor-mediated release by stromal elements of NO, which in turn increases aldosterone secretion from ZG cells in a paracrine manner.