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Complete rotator cuff rupture--differential surgical techniques and intermediate-term results

Complete rotator cuff rupture--differential surgical techniques and intermediate-term results

Zeitschrift für Orthopadie und ihre Grenzgebiete 137(4): 295-300

What is the mid term result of open rotator cuff repair? What are the criteria for a good surgical result? Between February 1988 and December 1993 130 patients (135 shoulders) underwent surgery for rotator cuff repair. All surgical techniques were combined with a acromioplasty--transosseous refixation, transtendinous suture, isolated or combined transfers of tendons. The retrospective analysis consisted of clinical examination including the Constant score, X-rays and sonograms of the shoulder before and after surgery. 95 patients (98 shoulders) were controlled 4 years and 8 months after surgery by clinical, radiological and sonographical examination. 80% of all cases showed good or very good long term results by chiefly transosseous refixation alone or in combination with tendon transfer. Analysis of all data made it possible to create simple prognostic criteria. These criteria can help preoperatively to give an idea of the expected outcome. The best preoperative criteria for a prognostic good surgical result were an acromion-humeral head distance in the native true a.p.-X-ray of more than 7 mm, a rotator cuff defect of less than 2 x 3 cm and a passive free range of motion.

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Accession: 045604339

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PMID: 11051013

DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1037045

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