Covalent coupling of immunoglobulin G to self-assembled monolayers as a method for immobilizing the interfacial-recognition layer of a surface plasmon resonance immunosensor
Disley, D.M.; Cullen, D.C.; You, H.X.; Lowe, C.R.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics 13(11): 1213-1225
ISSN/ISBN: 0956-5663 PMID: 9871977 DOI: 10.1016/s0956-5663(98)00059-1
Protocols have been developed for the random and site-directed covalent coupling of immunoglobulin G [anti-hIgG] [IgG] to silver surfaces modified with a self-assembled monolayer [SAM] of thioctic acid, mercaptopropionic acid [MPA], L-cysteine or 4-aminothiophenol [PATP]. A surface plasmon resonance [SPR] immunosensor fabricated with a more ordered and hydrophilic IgG-SAM-silver interfacial layer, demonstrates an increased ability for performing sensitive and selective assay of human immunoglobulin G [hIgG] compared with a device fabricated with a physically-adsorbed IgG-silver interfacial-layer due to reduced levels of non-specific binding. Detection limits [DL] for hIgG from serum down to 6 micrograms/ml (40 nM) and assay sensitivities up to 0.24 ng hIgG/mm2/nM are reported.