Section 46
Chapter 45,680

Crystallographic, X-ray absorption, and IR studies of solid- and solution-state structures of tris (nitrato) N,N,N',N'-tetraethylmalonamide complexes of lanthanides. Comparison with the Americium complex

Den Auwer, C.; Charbonnel, M.C.; Drew, M.G.; Grigoriev, M.; Hudson, M.J.; Iveson, P.B.; Madic, C.; Nierlich, M.; Presson, M.T.; Revel, R.; Russell, M.L.; Thuéry, P.

Inorganic Chemistry 39(7): 1487-1495


ISSN/ISBN: 0020-1669
PMID: 12526454
DOI: 10.1021/ic990817x
Accession: 045679087

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To fine-tune the design of optimized donor ligands for nuclear waste actinide selective extraction, both electronic and molecular structures of the actinide complexes that are formed must be investigated. In particular, to achieve the selective complexation of transplutonium 3+ ions versus lanthanide 3+ ions is one of the major challenges, given the chemical similarities between these two f-element families. In this work, the structure of solvent-phase M(NO3)3(TEMA)2 complexes (Ln = Nd, Eu, Ho, Yb, Lu, Am; TEMA = N,N,N',N'-tetraethylmalonamide) was investigated by liquid-phase spectroscopic methods among which extended X-ray absorption fine structure played a major role. In addition, the crystal structures of the species Nd(NO3)3(TEMA)2 and Yb(NO3)3(TEMA)2 have been determined by X-ray diffraction. Nd(NO3)3(C11N2O2H22)2 crystallizes in the monoclinic system (P2(1) space group; a = 11.2627(4) A, b = 20.5992(8) A, c = 22.2126(8) A; alpha = gamma = 90 degrees, beta = 102.572(1) degrees; Z = 6), and Yb(NO3)3(C11N2O2H22)2 crystallizes in the orthorhombic system (P2(1)2(1)2(1) space group; a = 9.3542(1) A, b = 18.1148(2) A, c = 19.7675(2) A; alpha = beta = gamma = 90 degrees; Z = 4). In the solvent phase, the metal polyhedron was found to be similar to that of the solid-state complex Nd(NO3)3(TEMA)2 for M = Nd to Ho. For M = Yb and Lu, a significant elongation of one nitrate oxygen bond was observed. Comparison with measurements on the Am(NO3)3(TEMA)2 complex in ethanol has shown the similarities between the Nd3+ and Am3+ coordination spheres.

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