Corneal iron ring associated with orthokeratology lens wear
Cho, P.; Chui, W.S.; Mountford, J.; Cheung, S.W.
Optometry and Vision Science Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry 79(9): 565-568
ISSN/ISBN: 1040-5488 PMID: 12322925 DOI: 10.1097/00006324-200209000-00007
A healthy 27-year-old female with a history of daily wear soft contact lenses requested orthokeratology (ortho-k) treatment and was fitted with a pair of reverse geometry lenses. Two weeks later, a faint brown pigmented arc, with fuzzy margins, extending from four to eight o'clock at the inferior midperipheral part of the corneal surface was observed in both corneas. The patient was asymptomatic and happy with the results of the ortho-k treatment, and topographical maps showed a sharp and slightly decentered bull's eye pattern that indicated a clinically acceptable ortho-k effect for both eyes. The rings extended to a near-complete ring in both eyes and became denser and more significant as lens wear continued. The rings were similar in appearance to Fleischer's rings seen in keratoconic eyes and coincided with the margin of the bull's eye observed in the topographical maps. The patient continued to be asymptomatic with unaided visual acuity of 20/20(+1) (OD) and 20/25(-1) (OS). Apart from the presence of the iron rings bilaterally, the corneal integrity and topography were stable and clinically unremarkable; the patient was allowed to continue wearing the lenses with regular aftercare scheduled on a 3-month basis. Possible etiologies of the formation of iron rings are discussed.