Differences between cation-osmotic hemolysis and filterability in exaprolol- and glutaraldehyde-treated human red blood cells

Mojzis, J.; Nicák, A.; Linková, A.; Jandoseková, M.; Mirossay, L.

Physiological Research 48(6): 411-416


ISSN/ISBN: 0862-8408
PMID: 10783905
Accession: 045780261

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The changes in human red blood cell microrheology in different glutaraldehyde (3.0 and 5.0 x 10(-6) mol x l(-1)) and exaprolol (2.5 and 5.0 x 10(-4) mol x l(-1)) concentrations were studied. The method of millipore filtration was compared with the method of cation-osmotic hemolysis. Both drugs prolonged the filtration time. Cation-osmotic hemolysis in glutaraldehyde-treated cells was significantly lower in comparison with the control group. On the other hand, there was a significant increase in cation-osmotic hemolysis in exaprolol-treated cells. Besides cation-osmotic hemolysis and filterability of erythrocytes, we evaluated the medium cell volume (MCV) and the medium cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). No changes in MCV and MCHC in glutaraldehyde-treated cells were observed. However, the MCV was significantly lower and the MCHC was significantly higher in exaprolol-treated cells. In conclusion, we suggest that the method of cation-osmotic hemolysis is more sensitive than the filtration method for determination of red blood cell microrheology.