Differential effects of menopause and metabolic disease on trabecular and cortical bone assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT)
Tsurusaki, K.; Ito, M.; Hayashi, K.
British Journal of Radiology 73(865): 14-22
The usefulness of peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) was investigated in the diagnosis of metabolic bone diseases, including osteoporosis, and especially in the different diagnostic values in trabecular and cortical components. The subjects were 460 Japanese women aged 20-86 years, including 318 healthy volunteers, 58 osteoporotics with fracture and 84 patients with diseases including amenorrhoea, steroid-induced osteoporosis, renal osteodystrophy (ROD) and primary hyperparathyroidism. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured for more than 4 years in 74 of the healthy volunteers. BMD was measured by spinal QCT, dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the spine, radius, and heel, and pQCT of the radius and tibia. High resolution images were obtained for geometry of the radius. Radial pQCT showed a higher correlation with radial DXA than with spinal QCT, and spinal QCT showed a higher correlation with spinal DXA than with radial pQCT. The annual bone loss rates at predominantly trabecular bone sites were accelerated in both the axial and appendicular skeleton. In the fracture study, radial pQCT showed a higher odds ratio (OR = 4.4) than radial DXA, and cortical area ratio seemed to be a good predictor of fracture risk (OR = 5.2). Amenorrhoea and steroid-induced osteoporosis predominantly affected trabecular bone, ROD predominantly affected cortical bone and hyperparathyroidism affected both components, especially the cortical component. pQCT is useful for assessing both trabecular and cortical bone, to provide information on individual bone changes in metabolic bone disease and to estimate the risk of fracture.