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Diphtheria. An illness, which many physicians no longer see in personal experience

Butenandt, O.; Weiss, M.

Fortschritte der Medizin 114(24): 281-283

1996


ISSN/ISBN: 0015-8178
PMID: 8974967
Accession: 045796239

Diphtheria is one of those diseases that the rigorous application of vaccination has rendered very rare in Western countries. However, as a result of being re-introduced from Eastern Europe, it may re-establish itself in the West. The incubation period is two to five days, and in the unprotected, infection may take place via a carrier who himself is not ill. The most feared form is the laryngeal form (croup) and the exotoxin-induced complications: myocarditis with arrhythmias and paresis affecting the muscles of the palate, throat and respiratory system. Once it is clinically suspected, antibiotic treatment and antitoxin therapy should be initiated without delay.

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