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Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
Observations on the Umaria marine bed
10 years of hearing conservation in the Royal Air Force
Chocolate crumb - dairy ingredient for milk chocolate
Effect of daily gelatin ingestion on human scalp hair
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)
The Accraian Series:
The mechanism of the Liebermann-Burchard reaction of sterols and triterpenes and their esters
Cerebrovascular Doppler ultrasound studies (cv-Doppler)
Toria: PT-303 - first national variety
Hair growth promoting activity of tridax procumbens
Productivity of Pekin x Khaki Campbell ducks
A stable cytosolic expression of VH antibody fragment directed against PVY NIa protein in transgenic potato plant confers partial protection against the virus
Solar treatment of wheat loose smut
Swimmers itch in the Lake of Garda
Bactofugation and the Bactotherm process
The effects of prefrontal lobotomy on aggressive behavior in dogs
Visual rating scales for screening whorl-stage corn for resistance to fall armyworm
Breakdown of seamounts at the trench axis, viewed from gravity anomaly
Kooken; pennsylvania's toughest cave
Recovery of new dinosaur and other fossils from the Early Cretaceous Arundel Clay facies (Potomac Group) of central Maryland, U.S.A
Zubor horny (Bison bonasus) v prirodnych podmienkach Slovensku
The extended Widal test in the diagnosis of fevers due to Salmonella infection
Hair of the american mastodon indicates an adaptation to a semi aquatic habitat

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 45798

Chapter 45798 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.




Direct and indirect effects of chronic physical conditions on depression: a preliminary investigation
, Social Science and Medicine 47(5): 603-611 (1998)

Direct and indirect effects of demographic, medical, and psychological variables on neuropsychological performance in normal geriatric persons: a structural equation model
, Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: Jins 2(4): 299-305 (1996)

Direct and indirect effects of electrical stimulation on the motility of human sperm
, International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association 6(4): 196-199 (1999)

Direct and indirect effects of human interferon alpha on renal cell carcinoma: a new in vitro assay system for evaluating cytokine-mediated antitumor effects
, Cancer Immunology Immunotherapy: Cii 37(2): 84-88 (1993)

Direct and indirect effects of medication (including chemotherapy) and irradiation on the pulp
, Revue Belge de Medecine Dentaire 55(4): 321-333 (2000)

Direct and indirect effects of mutations in lambda PRM on open complex formation at the divergent PR promoter
, Journal of Molecular Biology 240(2): 119-126 (1994)

Direct and indirect effects of nitric oxide in chemical reactions relevant to biology
, Methods in Enzymology 268: 12-31 (1996)

Direct and indirect effects of regulation: a new look at OSHA's impact
, Journal of Law and Economics 28(1): 1-25 (1985)

Direct and indirect effects of selected risk factors in producing adverse consequences of drug use
, Substance use and Misuse 32(4): 377-398 (1997)

Direct and indirect electron-hole plasmas in gallium selenide
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 36(18): 9589-9594 (1987)

Direct and indirect excitons in coupled GaAs/Al0.30Ga0.70As double quantum wells separated by AlAs barriers
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 54(12): 8799-8808 (1996)

Direct and indirect fiber-reinforced fixed partial dentures: case reports
, Quintessence International 33(5): 359-365 (2002)

Direct and indirect inhibition of Th1 development by progesterone and glucocorticoids
, Journal of Immunology 168(3): 1087-1094 (2002)

Direct and indirect latent-variable parenting outcomes of two universal family-focused preventive interventions: extending a public health-oriented research base
, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 66(2): 385-399 (1998)

Direct and indirect magnetoexcitons in symmetric InxGa1-xAs/GaAs coupled quantum wells
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 52(16): 12153-12157 (1995)

Direct and indirect mechanisms mediating apoptosis during HIV infection: contribution to in vivo CD4 T cell depletion
, Seminars in Immunology 5(3): 187-194 (1993)

Direct and indirect mechanisms of HIV-1 neuropathogenesis in the human central nervous system
, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 493: 29-34 (2001)

Direct and indirect medical costs incurred by Canadian patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a 12 year study
, Journal of Rheumatology 24(6): 1051-1060 (1997)

Direct and indirect memory measures of temporal order and spatial location: control versus closed-head injury participants
, Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology 11(4): 212-217 (1998)

Direct and indirect memory measures of temporal order: younger versus older adults
, International Journal of Aging and Human Development 45(3): 195-206 (1997)

Direct and indirect methods used to study arterial blood pressure
, Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 44(2): 361-373 (2000)

Direct and indirect pathways in strong field atomic ionization dynamics
, Physical Review Letters 89(11): 113002 (2002)

Direct and indirect pathways of alloantigen recognition: relevance to acute and chronic allograft rejection
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 12(9): 1806-1810 (1997)

Direct and indirect perforator flaps: the history and the controversy
, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 111(2): 855 (2003)

Direct and indirect presynaptic control of dopamine release by excitatory amino acids
, Amino Acids 14(1-3): 63-68 (1998)

Direct and indirect radionuclide cystography: dosimetry in children
, Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication Society of Nuclear Medicine 40(12): 2127-2129 (1999)

Direct and indirect randomized trials of screening: the A's and D's of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines
, Cmaj: Canadian Medical Association Journal 162(7): 1002-1004 (2000)

Direct and indirect receptor-independent G-protein activation by cationic-amphiphilic substances. Studies with mast cells, HL-60 human leukemic cells and purified G-proteins
, Experimental Dermatology 4(4 Pt 2): 231-239 (1995)

Direct and indirect recognition in pig-to-man xenotransplantation
, Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 13(6): 373-376 (1999)

Direct and indirect somatic embryogenesis in Freesia refracta
, Shi Yan Sheng Wu Xue Bao 32(2): 175-183 (1999)

Direct and indirect stimulus-frequency effects in recognition
, Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning Memory and Cognition 23(3): 539-559 (1997)

Direct and indirect therapy for word sound deafness
, International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 36(1): 91-106 (2001)

Direct and indirect time spent on care of dental trauma: a 2-year prospective study of children and adolescents
, Endodontics and Dental Traumatology 16(1): 16-23 (2000)

Direct and indirect transition in (GaAs)n/(AlAs)n superlattices with n=1-15
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 41(11): 7593-7601 (1990)

Direct and inverse scattering of transient acoustic waves by a slab of rigid porous material
, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 113(1): 61-72 (2003)

Direct and judgmental measures of family planning program inputs
, Studies in Family Planning 26(5): 287-295 (1995)

Direct and moderating effects of community context on the psychological well-being of African American women
, Journal of personality and social psychology 79(6): 1088-1101 (2000 )

Direct and preequilibrium processes studied in the 51V( alpha, alpha 'p) reaction at E alpha =172.5 MeV
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 39(5): 1761-1767 (1989)

Direct and quantitative detection of bacteriophage by "hearing" surface detachment using a quartz crystal microbalance
, Analytical Chemistry 73(16): 3935-3939 (2001)

Direct and rapid detection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus by RT-PCR
, Journal of Virological Methods 69(1-2): 191-195 (1997)

Direct and rapid identification and genogrouping of meningococci and porA amplification by Light Cycler PCR
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40(12): 4531-4535 (2002)

Direct and real-time holographic monitoring of relative changes in two random rough surfaces
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 50(2): 1906-1908 (1994)

Direct and reconstructed multiplanar computed tomography of the orbits of healthy dogs
, American Journal of Veterinary Research 60(12): 1500-1507 (1999)

Direct and reservoir colonic-anal anastomoses. Short and long term results
, Annales de Chirurgie 126(1): 18-25 (2001)

Direct and resonance contributions to electron-impact excitation of n=2 to n=3 transitions in neonlike ions
, Physical Review. A General Physics 40(5): 2292-2300 (1989)

Direct and reversed flow proximal phalangeal island flaps
, Journal of Hand Surgery 19(4): 671-680 (1994)

Direct and selective flow-injection method for the simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of calcium and magnesium in red and white wines using online dilution based on "Zone Sampling"
, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49(11): 5152-5155 (2001)

Direct and semi-direct posterior composite restorations
, Practical Periodontics and Aesthetic Dentistry: Ppad 8(7): 703 (1996)

Direct and sequential contributions to the 26Mg(6Li
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 48(5): 2366-2374 (1993)

Direct and simultaneous ultraviolet second-derivative spectrophotometric determination of nitrite and nitrate in preparations of peroxynitrite
, Methods in Enzymology 301: 178-187 (1999)

Direct and transgenerational effect of benzpyrene treatment at adolescent age on the uterine estrogen receptor and thymic glucocorticoid receptor of the adult rat
, Acta Physiologica Hungarica 86(1): 29-36 (1999)

Direct and valence neutron capture by 7Li
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 44(2): 764-773 (1991)

Direct angiography of the coronary sinus: impact on left posteroseptal accessory pathway ablation
, Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: Pace 19(7): 1075-1081 (1996)

Direct angioplasty and stenting of the infarct-related artery in acute myocardial infarction
, American Journal of Cardiology 78(5): 568-571 (1996)

Direct angioplasty and thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarct
, Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia: Orgao Oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia 16(2): 165-174 (1997)

Direct angioplasty for acute occlusion of intracranial artery
, Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 20(5): 945-946 (1999)

Direct angioplasty of totally occluded left main coronary artery in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock: report of two cases and literature review
, Chang Gung Medical Journal 23(4): 224-229 (2000)

Direct antiatherogenic effect of garlic
, Biulleten' Eksperimental'noi Biologii i Meditsiny 121(6): 695-697 (1996)

Direct antibiotic sensitivity testing in the treatment of urinary tract infections in a nursing home
, Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie 28(1): 7-10 (1997)

Direct anticancer activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-III
, Journal of Peptide Research: Official Journal of the American Peptide Society 52(5): 384-389 (1998)

Direct antigen presentation and chronic rejection
, Circulation 99(20): 2710-2711 (1999)

Direct antigen test for group A streptococcal pharyngitis
, New Zealand Medical Journal 106(952): 111 (1993)

Direct antiglobulin test negative autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with autoimmune hepatitis
, International Journal of Hematology 68(4): 439-443 (1998)

Direct antiglobulin test negative, non spherocytic autoimmune haemolytic anaemia
, Clinical and Laboratory Haematology 22(6): 365-367 (2000)

Direct antithrombin agents ameliorate disseminated intravascular coagulation in suspected heparin-induced thrombocytopenia thrombosis syndrome
, Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis: Official Journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 8(3): 287-289 (2002)

Direct aortic cannulation for port-access mitral or coronary artery bypass grafting
, Annals of Thoracic Surgery 68(5): 1878-1880 (1999)

Direct aortic cannulation in minimally invasive mitral-valve operations
, Heart Surgery Forum 5(4): 370-372 (2002)

Direct aperture optimization: a turnkey solution for step-and-shoot IMRT
, Medical Physics 29(6): 1007-1018 (2002)

Direct application of basic fibroblast growth factor improves tympanic membrane perforation healing
, Laryngoscope 103(7): 804-809 (1993)

Direct application of keratinocyte growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-alpha during healing of tympanic membrane perforation in glucocorticoid-treated rats
, Acta Oto-Laryngologica 122(5): 468-473 (2002)

Direct approach for demonstrating free radical phenomena during equine postanesthetic myopathy: preliminary study
, Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research 58(4): 309-312 (1994)

Direct approach to carotid cavernosa fistula type of arterio venous dural malformation. Case report and review of the literature
, Revista de Neurologia 34(3): 204-207 (2002)

Direct approach to resolve the solar-neutrino problem
, Physical Review Letters 55(14): 1534-1536 (1985)

Direct approach to the site of injury of the thoracic duct in treatment of chylothorax after pulmonary resection
, Kyobu Geka. Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery 50(11): 971-973 (1997)

Direct approach to the study of soliton perturbations
, Physical Review. E Statistical Physics Plasmas Fluids and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 54(6): 6816-6824 (1996)

Direct approach to the ventrolateral medulla for cavernous malformation--case report
, Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica 42(10): 431-434 (2002)

Direct approximation to the reduced density matrices: Calculation of the isoelectronic sequence of beryllium up to argon
, Physical Review. A General Physics 33(3): 1525-1531 (1986)

Direct arterial vs oscillometric monitoring of blood pressure: stop comparing and pick one
, Critical Care Nurse 17(6): 96 (1997)

Direct arterial vs oscillometric monitoring of blood pressure: stop comparing and pick one (a decision-making algorithm)
, Critical Care Nurse 17(3): 58-66 68-72 (1997)

Direct arteriovenous fistulas (carotid-cavernous and vertebral-venous). Diagnosis and intervention
, Neuroimaging Clinics of North America 8(2): 425-443 (1998)

Direct assay and shelf-life monitoring of aspirin tablets using Raman spectroscopy
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 16(1): 87-94 (1997)

Direct assay for urine cortisol with cortisol kit [TFB]
, Kaku Igaku. Japanese Journal of Nuclear Medicine 39(2): 149-154 (2002)

Direct assay method for LDL-cholesterol
, Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine 59(Suppl): 778-787 (2001)

Direct assembly of implant suprastructures
, Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 70(2): 172-175 (1993)

Direct assembly of large arrays of oriented conducting polymer nanowires
, Angewandte Chemie 41(19): 3665-8 3520 (2002)

Direct assessment of dipeptide/H+ symport in intact human intestinal (Caco-2) epithelium: a novel method utilising continuous intracellular pH measurement
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 194(1): 432-438 (1993)

Direct assessment of improvement in winter depression with a visual analogue scale: high reliability and validity
, Psychiatry Research 81(3): 387-392 (1998)

Direct assessment of muscle glycogen storage after mixed meals in normal and type 2 diabetic subjects
, American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 284(4): E688-E694 (2003)

Direct assessment of the antioxidant effects of a new heart preservation solution, Celsior. A hemodynamic and electron spin resonance study
, Transplantation 58(6): 739-742 (1994)

Direct assessment of the mechanism for a raised serum bile acid level in chronic liver disease
, European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 7(10): 955-961 (1995)

Direct assessment of the mechanism of raised serum bile acid in chronic liver disease
, European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 7(10): 1011 (1995)

Direct assessment of the rate of chromosomal abnormalities in grade IV human embryos produced by in-vitro fertilization procedure
, Human Reproduction 9(2): 293-302 (1994)

Direct assessment of triploid cells in mosaic human fetuses by fluorescence in-situ hybridization
, Molecular Human Reproduction 3(5): 445-450 (1997)

Direct assignment of vitamin K1 as the secondary acceptor A1 in photosystem I
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 88(21): 9895-9896 (1991)

Direct association of p110 beta phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase with p85 is mediated by an N-terminal fragment of p110 beta
, Molecular and Cellular Biology 14(4): 2577-2583 (1994)

Direct asymmetric aldol reactions of acetone using bimetallic zinc catalysts
, Organic Letters 3(16): 2497-2500 (2001)

Direct asymmetric aldol reactions of glycine schiff base with aldehydes catalyzed by chiral quaternary ammonium salts
, Angewandte Chemie 41(23): 4542-4544 (2002)

Direct atomic imaging of Ag(100) and Ag(111) by inverting quasielastically scattered electron-diffraction patterns
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 51(19): 13645-13652 (1995)

Direct atomic imaging using experimental multiple-energy Kikuchi electron patterns
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 49(7): 5109-5112 (1994)

Direct atomic structure by multiple-energy inversion of experimental forward-scattering-photoelectron and Auger-electron-diffraction data
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 47(15): 10036-10039 (1993)

Direct atomic-absorptive detection of mercury in soils
, Gigiena i Sanitariia 1993(10): 71-73 (1993)

Direct atrioventricular versus atriopulmonary connection: a comparative experimental study
, Cardiovascular Surgery 1(2): 161-165 (1993)

Direct autogenous fat implantation for augmentation of the vocal folds
, Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation 15(4): 565-569 (2001)

Direct autoregulation and gene dosage compensation by POU-domain transcription factor Brn3a
, Development 130(1): 111-121 (2003)

Direct binding and activation of receptor tyrosine kinases by collagen
, Cell 91(7): 869-872 (1997)

Direct binding of Nur77/NAK-1 to the plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) promoter regulates TNF alpha -induced PAI-1 expression
, Blood 101(8): 3042-3048 (2003)

Direct binding of Shc, Grb2, SHP-2 and p40 to the murine granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1448(1): 70-76 (1998)

Direct binding of Smad1 and Smad4 to two distinct motifs mediates bone morphogenetic protein-specific transcriptional activation of Id1 gene
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(5): 3176-3185 (2002)

Direct binding of Smad3 and Smad4 to critical TGF beta-inducible elements in the promoter of human plasminogen activator inhibitor-type 1 gene
, Embo Journal 17(11): 3091-3100 (1998)

Direct binding of activated c-Src to the beta 3-adrenergic receptor is required for MAP kinase activation
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(49): 38131-38134 (2000)

Direct binding of low molecular weight haptens to ELISA plates
, Journal of Immunological Methods 210(1): 89-92 (1997)

Direct binding of syndecan-4 cytoplasmic domain to the catalytic domain of protein kinase C alpha (PKC alpha) increases focal adhesion localization of PKC alpha
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(16): 13795-13802 (2003)

Direct binding of the Mtv7 superantigen (Mls-1) to soluble MHC class II molecules
, Immunity 2(2): 149-154 (1995)

Direct binding of thyrotropin receptor autoantibody to in vitro translated thyrotropin receptor: a comparison to radioreceptor assay and thyroid stimulating bioassay
, Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association 9(5): 466-475 (1999)

Direct biophysical characterization of protein antigens in ISCOM formulations
, Developments in Biologicals 103: 237-240 (2000)

Direct bladder stimulation with suture electrodes promotes voiding in a spinal animal model: a technical report
, Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 34(1): 72-81 (1997)

Direct blood pressure monitoring
, Medical Electronics 9(4): 41-48 (1978)

Direct blotting electrophoresis
, Methods in Molecular Biology 23: 219-223 (1993)

Direct bond brackets: cotton roll versus rubber dam isolation
, Angle Orthodontist 63(3): 231-234 (1993)

Direct bonded Class I restorations and sealants: six options
, Quintessence International 28(3): 157-168 (1997)

Direct bonded orthodontic brackets for maxillomandibular fixation
, Laryngoscope 108(9): 1338-1345 (1998)

Direct bonded space maintainers
, Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 17(4): 221-225 (1993)

Direct bonding in diastema closure--high drama, immediate resolution
, Oral Health 86(7): 23-6; quiz 29 (1996)

Direct bonding to Adlloy-treated amalgam
, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics: Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists its Constituent Societies and the American Board of Orthodontics 112(3): 252-258 (1997)

Direct bonding to typodont teeth
, British Journal of Orthodontics 23(1): 65-67 (1996)

Direct bonding with reduced acid etchant concentrations
, Journal of Clinical Orthodontics: Jco 27(1): 23-25 (1993)

Direct bone formation on alumina bead composite
, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 37(4): 554-565 (1997)

Direct bone induction in the subperiosteal space of rat calvaria with demineralized bone allografts
, Journal of Oral Implantology 25(1): 30-34 (1999)

Direct booking of legal abortions by general practitioners to the surgery department--a pilot study
, Ugeskrift for Laeger 162(21): 3042-3044 (2000)

Direct brainstem surgery
, Journal of Neurosurgery 90(1): 174-175 (1999)

Direct bronchial artery revascularization and en bloc double lung transplantation--surgical techniques and early outcome
, Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 16(3): 320-333 (1997)

Direct button percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy: successful placement in a patient with severe malnutrition and previous gastric resection
, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 45(1): 92-94 (1997)

Direct bypassing of extrahepatic portal venous obstruction in children: a new technique for combined hepatic portal revascularization and treatment of extrahepatic portal hypertension
, Journal of Pediatric Surgery 33(4): 597-601 (1998)

Direct calculation and computer simulation of the enantiomerization barrier of oxazepam in dynamic HPLC experiments--a comparative study
, Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods 54(1-3): 301-313 (2002)

Direct calculation of Stark resonances in hydrogen
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 54(2): 1206-1209 (1996)

Direct calculation of absolute free energy for lattice systems by Monte Carlo sampling of finite-size dependence
, Physical Review Letters 54(25): 2671-2673 (1985)

Direct calculation of complex resonance poles using separable expansions of the potential: Application to the 2 Sigma u+ shape resonance in electron-H2 scattering
, Physical Review. A General Physics 33(1): 222-232 (1986)

Direct calculation of conductance and conductance fluctuations in a disordered Fermi liquid
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 43(13): 10132-10143 (1991)

Direct calculation of electron density in density-functional theory
, Physical Review Letters 66(11): 1438-1441 (1991)

Direct calculation of electron density in density-functional theory: Implementation for benzene and a tetrapeptide
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 44(11): 7823-7826 (1991)

Direct calculation of interfacial energetics: Roles of axial commensuration and strain in epitaxial growth
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 35(15): 8042-8054 (1987)

Direct calculation of invariant measures for chaotic maps
, Physical Review. E Statistical Physics Plasmas Fluids and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 53(5): R4259-R4262 (1996)

Direct calculation of light-induced structural change and diffusive motion in glassy As2Se3
, Physical Review Letters 85(13): 2785-2788 (2000)

Direct calculation of spin stiffness for spin-1/2 Heisenberg models
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 50(5): 3415-3418 (1994)

Direct calculation of the S matrix for scattering of charged particles
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 33(4): 1187-1195 (1986)

Direct calculation of the S matrix in coordinate space
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 37(2): 486-496 (1988)

Direct calculation of the hard-sphere crystal /Melt interfacial free energy
, Physical Review Letters 85(22): 4751-4754 (2000)

Direct calculation of the six-gluon subprocess
, Physical Review. D Particles and Fields 34(7): 2119-2126 (1986)

Direct calculation of the spin stiffness in the J1-J2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 51(9): 6151-6154 (1995)

Direct calculation of the transport properties of disordered AlAs/GaAs superlattices from the electronic and phonon spectra
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 53(4): 2010-2019 (1996)

Direct calculation of the two-photon line strength of a Gamma 1g- Gamma 1g transition in octahedral symmetry
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 54(16): R11014-R11017 (1996)

Direct calorimetry for the measurement of heat release in preterm infants: methods and applications
, Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association 15(5): 375-381 (1995)

Direct cannula entry for laparoscopy
, Journal of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists 4(1): 77-79 (1996)

Direct capture in the 3(+) resonance of 2H( alpha, gamma )6Li
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 50(3): 1543-1549 (1994)

Direct capture of plasma factor VIII:C by ion exchange chromatography
, Vox Sanguinis 67(1): 8-13 (1994)

Direct carbamoylation of aryl halides
, Organic Letters 4(24): 4357-4359 (2002)

Direct carbonylation at a C-H bond in the benzene ring of 2-phenyloxazolines catalyzed by Ru(3)(CO)(12). Scope, limitations, and mechanistic aspects
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 65(5): 1475-1488 (2000)

Direct cardiac compression for cardiogenic shock with the Cardio Support system
, Annals of Thoracic Surgery 71(3 Suppl): S188-S189 (2001)

Direct cardiac effects of droperidol and thiopental
, Proceedings of the Western Pharmacology Society 37: 13-14 (1994)

Direct cardiac massage in the treatment of heart arrest in postoperative period of open-heart surgery
, Zhonghua Hu Li Za Zhi 28(10): 596-598 (1993)

Direct cardiac potential trigger for chronic control of a ventricular assist device
, Asaio Journal 47(3): 302-304 (2001)

Direct care and nondirect care hospice volunteers: motivations, acceptance, satisfaction and length of service
, Journal of Volunteer Administration 14(2): 21-32 (1996)

Direct care staff's need for support in their perceived work role in day activities units
, Journal of Nursing Management 8(1): 39-48 (2000)

Direct care workers--number one quality indicator in long-term care. A consumer's perspective
, North Carolina Medical Journal 63(2): 102-105 (2002)

Direct care workers. Reinforcing the numbers, reinforcing commitment
, North Carolina Medical Journal 63(2): 116 (2002)

Direct care: positioning a new urgent care center
, Journal of Hospital Marketing 2(1): 149-163 (1987)

Direct caroticocavernous fistula and traumatic dissection of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery: endovascular treatment
, Neuroradiology 42(1): 62-65 (2000)

Direct carotid-cavernous fistula following carotid endarterectomy
, Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien d'Ophtalmologie 34(7): 401-406 (1999)

Direct carotid-cavernous fistula. Clinical, radiologic and therapeutic studies. Apropos of 49 cases
, Journal of Neuroradiology 24(2): 141-154 (1997)

Direct carotid-cavernous fistulas: endovascular treatment using a detachable balloon
, Revista de Neurologia 33(6): 533-536 (2001)

Direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistula due to ruptured intracavernous aneurysm treated with electrodetachable coils--case report
, Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica 39(9): 681-684 (1999)

Direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas
, Journal of Ophthalmic Nursing and Technology 13(2): 65-68 (1994)

Direct carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis of Sicilian and Spanish (delta beta)zero-thalassemias
, Molecular and Cellular Probes 7(2): 167-168 (1993)

Direct carrier testing of haemophilia B by SSCP
, Clinical and Laboratory Haematology 16(1): 15-20 (1994)

Direct catalytic asymmetric aldol reaction: synthesis of either syn- or anti-alpha,beta-dihydroxy ketones
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 123(10): 2466-2467 (2001)

Direct catalytic asymmetric aldol reactions of aldehydes
, Chemical Communications 2002(6): 620-621 (2002)

Direct catalytic asymmetric alpha-amination of aldehydes
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(20): 5656-5657 (2002)

Direct catalytic enantio- and diastereoselective aldol reaction using a Zn-Zn-linked-BINOL complex: a practical synthesis of syn-1,2-diols
, Organic Letters 3(10): 1539-1542 (2001)

Direct catecholaminergic-cholinergic interactions in the basal forebrain. III. Adrenergic innervation of choline acetyltransferase-containing neurons in the rat
, Journal of Comparative Neurology 449(2): 141-157 (2002)

Direct cavernous sinus sampling
, Radiation Medicine 11(5): 196-200 (1993)

Direct cell-cell interactions control apoptosis and oligodendrocyte marker expression of neuroepithelial cells
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 65(3): 195-207 (2001)

Direct cell-to-cell contact mediating upregulation of HIV-1 replication
, Clinical Microbiology and Infection: the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2(2): 77 ( 1996)

Direct cellular interaction with activated CD4(+) T cells overcomes hyporesponsiveness of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia in vitro
, Cellular Immunology 189(1): 41-50 (1998)

Direct cervical vertebro-venous fistula with radiculopathy and MRI changes resolving after successful endovascular embolisation: a report of two cases
, Neuroradiology 43(12): 1118-1122 (2001)

Direct characterization of charge-density-wave defects in titanium-doped TaSe2 by scanning tunneling microscopy
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 41(2): 1239-1242 (1990)

Direct characterization of drug glucuronide isomers in human urine by HPLC-NMR spectroscopy: application to the positional isomers of 6,11-dihydro-11-oxodibenz[b,e]oxepin-2-acetic acid glucuronide
, Analytical Chemistry 68(17): 2832-2837 (1996)

Direct characterization of isoquinoline alkaloids in a crude plant extract by ion-pair liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry: example of Eschscholtzia californica
, Journal of Chromatography A 904(1): 35-46 (2000)

Direct charge transfer of He+ in neon
, Physical Review. A General Physics 33(6): 3853-3858 (1986)

Direct chemiluminescent immunodetection of proteins in agarose gels
, Electrophoresis 23(7-8): 979-984 (2002)

Direct chemisorption site selectivity for molecular halogens on the Si(111)-(7 x 7) surface
, Physical Review Letters 76(8): 1388-1391 (1996)

Direct chemotactic effect of bradykinin and related peptides-significance of amino- and carboxyterminal character of oligopeptides in chemotaxis of tetrahymena pyriformis
, Cell Biology International 26(1): 55-62 (2002)

Direct chiral assay of tramadol and detection of the phase II metabolite O-demethyl tramadol glucuronide in human urine using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced native fluorescence detection
, Journal of Chromatography. B Biomedical Sciences and Applications 765(1): 3-13 (2001)

Direct chiral resolution of tiaprofenic acid in pharmaceutical formulations by capillary zone electrophoresis using cyclodextrins as chiral selector
, Journal of Capillary Electrophoresis 2(5): 213-217 (1995)

Direct chiral resolution with CD-MEKC of enantiomers of crisene trans-1,2 diol; activation in vitro of crisene in the S9 rat liver microsomal fraction
, Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutico 136(4): 287-289 (1997)

Direct chromatographic resolution and isolation of the four stereoisomers of meta-hydroxyphenylpropanolamine
, Chirality 11(9): 684-688 (1999)

Direct chromosome analysis and FISH study of primary gastric cancer
, Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 21(5): 345-349 (1999)

Direct chromosome analysis of ten primary gastric cancers
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 102(1): 88-90 (1998)

Direct client communication useful libel defense
, Hospital Progress 62(12): 66 (1981)

Direct clinical and welfare costs of osteoporotic fractures in elderly men and women
, Osteoporosis International: a Journal Established as Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the Usa 5(6): 427-432 (1995)

Direct clinical evidence for spinal hyperalgesia in a patient with irritable bowel syndrome
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 96(8): 2427-2431 (2001)

Direct clipping of a large basilar trunk aneurysm via the posterior petrosal (extended retrolabyrinthine presigmoid) approach--case report
, Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica 40(12): 632-636 (2000)

Direct cloning of lambda gt11 cDNA inserts into a plasmid vector
, Methods in Molecular Biology 31: 9-17 (1994)

Direct cloning of unmodified PCR products by exploiting an engineered restriction site
, Gene 143(1): 151-152 (1994)

Direct closure of ostium primum defect in the repair of atrioventricular septal defect
, Annals of Thoracic Surgery 72(2): 430 (2001)

Direct cluster transfer in 3He bombardment of 13C at sub-barrier energies
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 42(3): 1036-1042 (1990)

Direct colorimetric method for determination of organophosphates in human urine
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 291(1): 9-18 (2000)

Direct colorimetric monoclonal antibody enzyme immunoassay for estradiol-17 beta in saliva
, Clinical Chemistry 43(7): 1159-1164 (1997)

Direct communication between the lower urinary tract and the hip joint complicating acetabular fracture. A case report
, Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Reparatrice de l'Appareil Moteur 85(5): 507-511 (1999)

Direct communication between the parabiliary and paraumbilical venous network: a case report
, European Radiology 11(12): 2521-2523 (2001)

Direct communication between the right pulmonary artery and the left atrium: magnetic resonance findings
, Australasian Radiology 37(2): 216-220 (1993)

Direct communication of the pulmonary artery with the left atrium
, Lijecnicki Vjesnik 115(5-6): 160-162 (1993)

Direct communication on the Internet. Uninet: the university link for Integrate Telematic Services
, Revista de Neurologia 26(154): 992-995 (1998)

Direct communication with general practitioners improves management of infants at risk of hepatitis B
, Communicable Disease and Public Health 3(1): 63-64 (2000)

Direct comparison between endothelin-1, N-terminal proatrial natriuretic factor, and brain natriuretic peptide as prognostic markers of survival in congestive heart failure
, Journal of Cardiac Failure 6(3): 201-207 (2000)

Direct comparison between potential landscape and local density of states in a disordered two-dimensional electron system
, Physical Review Letters 89(13): 136806 (2002)

Direct comparison between ultrafast optical Kerr effect and high-resolution light scattering spectroscopy
, Physical Review Letters 75(1): 148-151 (1995)

Direct comparison of F-18-FDG PET and ultrasound in the follow-up of patients with squamous cell cancer of the head and neck
, Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine 39(8): 246-250 (2000)

Direct comparison of [13N]ammonia and [15O]water estimates of perfusion with quantification of regional myocardial blood flow by microspheres
, Circulation 87(2): 512-525 (1993)

Direct comparison of a xenon and a solid-state CT detector system: measurements under working conditions
, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 19(9): 941-948 (2000)

Direct comparison of an intravascular and an extracellular contrast agent for quantification of myocardial perfusion. Cardiac MRI Group
, International Journal of Cardiac Imaging 15(6): 453-464 (1999)

Direct comparison of angle-resolved photoemission and numerical simulations for high-Tc superconductors
, Physical Review Letters 68(13): 2082-2085 (1992)

Direct comparison of electron transfer properties of two distinct semisynthetic triads with non-protein based triad: unambiguous experimental evidences on protein matrix effects
, Chemistry 6(11): 1907-1916 (2000)

Direct comparison of episodic encoding and retrieval of words: an event-related fMRI study
, Memory 7(5-6): 661-678 (1999)

Direct comparison of infrared and ultraviolet wavelength matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry of proteins
, Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 9(1): 1-7 (1998)

Direct comparison of insulin lispro and aspart shows small differences in plasma insulin profiles after subcutaneous injection in type 1 diabetes
, Diabetes Care 24(6): 1120-1121 (2001)

Direct comparison of liposomal doxorubicin with or without polyethylene glycol coating in C-26 tumor-bearing mice: is surface coating with polyethylene glycol beneficial?
, Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 5(11): 3645-3652 (1999)

Direct comparison of serotonin effects on siphon versus tail sensory neurons in Aplysia
, Learning and Memory 2(3-4): 178-184 (1995)

Direct comparison of skin physiology in children and adults with bioengineering methods
, Pediatric Dermatology 17(6): 436-439 (2000)

Direct comparison of technetium 99m-sestamibi and technetium 99m-tetrofosmin cardiac single photon emission computed tomography in patients with coronary artery disease
, Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology 5(3): 265-274 (1998)

Direct comparison of the effects of nebulized nitroprusside versus inhaled nitric oxide on pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics during hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension in piglets
, Critical Care Medicine 30(11): 2560-2565 (2002)

Direct comparison of the electrocatalytic oxidation of hydrogen by an enzyme and a platinum catalyst
, Chemical Communications 2002(8): 866-867 (2002)

Direct comparison of the impact of head tracking, reverberation, and individualized head-related transfer functions on the spatial perception of a virtual speech source
, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society. Audio Engineering Society 49(10): 904-916 (2001)

Direct comparison of the quantized Hall resistance in gallium arsenide and silicon
, Physical Review Letters 66(8): 969-973 (1991)

Direct comparison of the sensitivity of enzyme histochemical and immunohistochemical methods: cathepsin B expression in human colorectal mucosa
, Acta Histochemica 102(3): 247-257 (2000)

Direct comparison of time to AIDS and infectious disease death between HIV seroconverter injection drug users in Italy and the United States: results from the ALIVE and ISS studies. AIDS Link to Intravenous Experiences. Italian Seroconversion Study
, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology: Official Publication of the International Retrovirology Association 20(3): 275-282 (1999)

Direct comparison of transient radiation belt topology and dynamics in 1991 based on measurements onboard Mir space station and NOAA satellite
, Advances in Space Research: the Official Journal of the Committee on Space Research 22(4): 527-531 (1998)

Direct compatibility check of the Cambridge Electron Accelerator and Cornell pion-form-factor data from e-N-->e- pi N with e+e---> pi + pi -
, Physical Review. D Particles and Fields 39(7): 2079-2083 (1989)

Direct complications of trochanteric osteotomy in open reduction and internal fixation of acetabular fractures
, American Journal of Orthopedics 26(2): 124-128 (1997)

Direct composite inlays versus conventional composite restorations: 5-year follow-up
, Journal of Dentistry 28(6): 375-382 (2000)

Direct composite or bonded porcelain: a clinical choice for anterior aesthetics
, Journal of the California Dental Association 22(4): 73 (1994)

Direct composite posterior restoration in daily practice
, Journal of Esthetic Dentistry 9(3): 146-152 (1997)

Direct composite resin restoration of adolescent Class IV tooth fracture: a case report
, Practical Periodontics and Aesthetic Dentistry: Ppad 12(1): 23-9; Quiz 30 (2000)

Direct composite resin restorations of the anterior single tooth: clinical implications and practical applications
, Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry 17(8): 796-802 (1996)

Direct composite technique for a smile makeover
, Dentistry Today 16(12): 40 42 44 (1997)

Direct composite veneers to create a mature smile
, Dentistry Today 18(7): 60-65 (1999)

Direct composites in a contemporary restorative practice
, Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry 19(3): 271 (1998)

Direct compositional analysis of AlGaAs/GaAs heterostructures by the reciprocal space segmentation of high-resolution micrographs
, Ultramicroscopy 93(2): 123-137 ( 2002)

Direct compression by a duodenal diverticulum causing common bile duct obstruction
, Endoscopy 26(3): 334 (1994)

Direct compression molded polyethylene for total hip and knee replacements
, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2001(393): 94-100 (2001)

Direct compression of the failing heart reestablishes maximal mechanical efficiency
, Annals of Thoracic Surgery 75(1): 190-196 (2003)

Direct compression tablets containing a series of four beta-cyclodextrin complexes formed by neutralizing an acidic drug
, Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy 26(12): 1259-1270 (2000)

Direct computation of multiple 3D flow convergence isovelocity surfaces from digital 3D reconstruction of colour Doppler data of the flow convergence region: an in vitro study with differently shaped orifices
, European Journal of Echocardiography: the Journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology 1(4): 244-251 (2000)

Direct computation of traces of p-order replacement operators over N-electron spin-adapted spaces
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 52(3): 2446-2448 (1995)

Direct confirmation of the quasicrystalline structure of a T-phase quasicrystal by ion channeling combined with Rutherford backscattering
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 45(18): 10822-10825 (1992)

Direct connection between perirhinal cortex and hippocampus is a major constituent of the lateral perforant path
, Hippocampus 6(2): 125-135 (1996)

Direct connections between dendritic terminals of tectal ganglion cells and glutamate-positive terminals of presumed optic fibres in layers 4-5 of the optic tectum of Gallus domesticus. A light- and electron microscopic study
, Neurobiology 7(1): 45-67 (1999)

Direct construction of path integrals in the lattice-space multiband dynamics of electrons in a solid
, Physical Review. A General Physics 33(4): 2544-2562 (1986)

Direct consumer advertising of prescription drugs
, JAMA 269(1): 146 150 (1993)

Direct contact between donor families and recipients: crisis or consolation?
, Journal of Transplant Coordination: Official Publication of the North American Transplant Coordinators Organization 8(3): 139-144 (1998)

Direct contact crucial to enroll Medicare beneficiaries in HMOs
, Modern Healthcare 15(3): 60 62 (1985)

Direct contract tactic for health care marketplace
, Health Care Strategic Management 8(10): 16-18 (1990)

Direct contracting between employers and behavioral healthcare providers
, Behavioral Healthcare Tomorrow 3(6): 36-39 (1994)

Direct contracting comes to the HMO heartland
, Business and Health 13(9): 53-54 (1995)

Direct contracting demands of employers increase pressure on hospitals
, Health Care Strategic Management 13(7): 11-17 (1995)

Direct contracting makes a splash in Minneapolis. Despite plusses, model slow to spread elsewhere
, Executive Solutions for Healthcare Management 2(8): 1 4-1 6 (1999)

Direct contracting to employers. Health One goes one on one
, Healthcare Executive 3(4): 36-37 (1988)

Direct contracting with employers doesn't need to be complicated
, Modern Healthcare 22(48): 42 (1992)

Direct contracting with hospitals: alternative payment arrangements
, Employee Benefits Journal 14(2): 26-30 (1989)

Direct contracting. Business reasons for direct contracting: the group purchaser's perspective
, Managed Care Quarterly 5(1): 94-95 (1997)

Direct contracting. Deja new
, Hospitals and Health Networks 75(3): 26 28 (2001)

Direct contracting. Direct contracting between providers and employers, or searching for El Dorado
, Managed Care Quarterly 5(1): 92-94 (1997)

Direct contracting. Riskier business
, Hospitals and Health Networks 70(10): 48 (1996)

Direct contracting: a Minnesota case study
, Healthcare Financial Management: Journal of the Healthcare Financial Management Association 51(8): 50-55 (1997)

Direct contracting: a new wave for subacute care
, Nursing Management 28(5): 22-23 (1997)

Direct contracting: a recipe for savings
, Modern Healthcare 20(41): 24-9 31 (1990)

Direct contracting: how providers can get onto employers' radar screen
, Medical Network Strategy Report 6(11): 5-7 (1997)

Direct contracting: potential legal and regulatory barriers
, Minnesota Medicine 79(2): 21-25 (1996)

Direct contracting: the future is now
, Medical Group Management Journal 40(2): 22-4 26 28-9 (1993)

Direct contracting: the future of managed care
, Healthcare Financial Management: Journal of the Healthcare Financial Management Association 48(8): 20-4 26 28 (1994)

Direct contracts for substance abuse benefits
, Journal of Health Care Benefits 3(6): 8-11 (1994)

Direct contracts, data sharing and employee risk selection: new stakes for patient privacy in tomorrow's health insurance markets
, American Journal of Law and Medicine 25(2-3): 233-265 (1999)

Direct contracts. Running for coverage
, Hospitals and Health Networks 72(23-24): 61 (1998)

Direct contrast-enhanced 3D MR venography
, European Radiology 11(1): 102-112 (2001)

Direct contributions to the decay of isoscalar giant resonances in 58Ni
, Physical Review. C Nuclear Physics 34(1): 322-325 (1986)

Direct control of a computer from the human central nervous system
, IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering: a Publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 8(2): 198-202 (2000)

Direct convective macromolecule delivery
, Journal of Neurosurgery 90(3): 610-611 (1999)

Direct conversion detectors: the effect of incomplete charge collection on detective quantum efficiency
, Medical Physics 29(6): 976-990 (2002)

Direct conversion of EPR dipolar time evolution data to distance distributions
, Journal of Magnetic Resonance 155(1): 72-82 (2002)

Direct conversion of aldehydes to amides, tetrazoles, and triazines in aqueous media by one-pot tandem reactions
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 68(3): 1158-1160 (2003)

Direct conversion of bromohydrins to ketones by a free radical elimination of hydrogen bromide
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 67(1): 312-313 (2002)

Direct conversion of carbonyl compounds into organic halides: indium(III) hydroxide-catalyzed deoxygenative halogenation using chlorodimethylsilane
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(46): 13690-13691 (2002)

Direct conversion of macrocyclic furans into macrocyclic isothiazoles
, Chemical Communications 2002(3): 232-233 (2002)

Direct core buildup using a preformed crown and prefabricated zirconium oxide post
, Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 80(6): 730-732 (1998)

Direct cores for vital teeth--materials and methods used to retain cores in vital teeth
, European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry 10(4): 157-162 (2002)

Direct coronal CT scanning of the neonatal chest
, Pediatric Radiology 29(6): 451-454 (1999)

Direct coronary angioplasty in acute myocardial infarct
, Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift 124(35): 1528-1537 (1994)

Direct coronary angioplasty versus thrombolysis in the acute phase of myocardial infarction--inpatient outcome
, Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia: Orgao Oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia 17(10): 789-792 (1998)

Direct coronary angioplasty: the time and therapeutic window
, Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia: Orgao Oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia 16(2): 191-193 (1997)

Direct coronary arterial stenting without predilatation in patients with coronary heart disease
, Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii 2001(6): 4-9 (2001)

Direct coronary artery perfusion from the left ventricle
, Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 121(2): 307-315 (2001)

Direct coronary bypass operation in complicated coronary dissection
, Zeitschrift für Kardiologie 85(Suppl): 67-72 (1996)

Direct coronary stent implantation without predilatation--a new therapeutic approach with a special balloon catheter design
, Zeitschrift für Kardiologie 88(2): 123-132 (1999)

Direct coronary stent implantation: safety, feasibility, and predictors of success of the strategy of direct coronary stent implantation
, Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions: Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions 52(4): 443-448 (2001)

Direct coronary stenting through left and right internal mammary artery grafts
, Journal of Invasive Cardiology 14(7): 417-419 (2002)

Direct coronary stenting through the radial approach in an anomalous coronary artery
, Indian Heart Journal 54(4): 422-424 (2002)

Direct coronary stenting versus stenting with balloon pre-dilation: immediate and follow-up results of a multicentre, prospective, randomized study. The DISCO trial. DIrect Stenting of COronary Arteries
, European Heart Journal 23(8): 633-640 (2002)

Direct coronary stenting without balloon or device pretreatment: acute success and long-term results
, Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions: Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions 54(2): 158-163 (2001)

Direct coronary stenting without balloon predilation of lesions requiring long stents: immediate and 6-month results of a multicenter prospective registry
, Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions: Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions 58(1): 51-58 (2003)

Direct coronary stenting without predilatation: a new therapeutic approach with a special balloon catheter design
, Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis 43(3): 245-52; Discussion 253 (1998)

Direct coronary stenting: effect on coronary blood flow, immediate and late clinical results
, Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions: Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions 53(4): 464-473 (2001)

Direct coronary stenting: the way to go in Pakistan
, Jpma. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 52(8): 337-338 (2002)

Direct coronary vasomotor effects of sevoflurane and desflurane in in situ canine hearts
, Anesthesiology 92(4): 1103-1113 (2000)

Direct correlation between MUC18 expression and metastatic potential of human melanoma cells
, Melanoma Research 3(1): 35-41 (1993)

Direct correlation between complex conformation and chiral discrimination upon inclusion of amino acid derivatives by beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins
, Organic Letters 2(21): 3257-3260 (2000)

Direct correlation between the load of Epstein-Barr virus-infected lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of pediatric transplant patients and risk of lymphoproliferative disease
, Blood 83(9): 2715-2722 (1994)

Direct correlation between the structure and magnetism of thin epitaxial Fe on Cu(100)
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 46(1): 556-559 (1992)

Direct correlation function in fluid interfaces
, Physical Review. A General Physics 32(1): 500-505 (1985)

Direct cost assessment of wrist fractures
, Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Reparatrice de l'Appareil Moteur 85(8): 828-833 (1999)

Direct cost of antibiotic therapy prescribed for nosocomial bacteremia. Prospective study during 6 months at a CHU (University Hospital Center)
, Pathologie-Biologie 46(6): 470-475 (1998)

Direct cost of cerebrovascular disease during the first year of follow-up
, Revista de Neurologia 28(12): 1123-1130 (1999)

Direct cost of depression: analysis of treatment costs of paroxetine versus Imipramine in Canada
, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie 40(7): 370-377 (1995)

Direct cost of hospitalized care in diabetic patients in Lome (Togo)
, Diabetes and Metabolism 27(6): 709-710 (2001)

Direct cost of rheumatoid arthritis during the first six years: a cost-of-illness study
, British Journal of Rheumatology 37(8): 837-847 (1998)

Direct cost of the ambulatory management of diabetes at the outpatient clinic of the National Social Security Fund of Sfax (Tunisia)
, Bulletin of the World Health Organization 72(4): 611-614 (1994)

Direct costimulation of tumor-reactive CTL by helper T cells potentiate their proliferation, survival, and effector function
, Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 8(3): 922-931 (2002)

Direct costs associated with a nosocomial outbreak of Salmonella infection: an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure
, American Journal of Infection Control 28(1): 54-57 (2000)

Direct costs attributed to chickenpox and herpes zoster in British Columbia--1992 to 1996
, Canada Communicable Disease Report 25(11): 100-104 (1999)

Direct costs for the treatment of HIV-infection in a German cohort after the introduction of HAART
, European Journal of Medical Research 7(11): 463-471 (2002)

Direct costs of ambulatory treatment of diabetes mellitus. Comparison of observed costs with estimated costs of adherence to the treatment standard
, Medizinische Klinik 91(12): 802-808 (1996)

Direct costs of blindness in Australia
, Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 28(3): 140-142 (2000)

Direct costs of cerebrovascular disease during the first year of follow-up
, Revista de Neurologia 29(12): 1353-1355 (1999)

Direct costs of coronary artery bypass grafting in patients aged 65 years or more and those under age 65
, Cmaj: Canadian Medical Association Journal 160(6): 805-811 (1999)

Direct costs of hip fractures in patients over 60 years of age in Belgium
, Pharmacoeconomics 15(5): 507-514 (1999)

Direct costs of intravenous delivery systems
, Pharmacoeconomics 4(1): 8-13 (1993)

Direct costs of medical attention to Mexican patients with rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care center
, Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 15(1): 75-78 (1997)

Direct costs of osteoporosis for New Zealand women
, Pharmacoeconomics 9(3): 231-245 (1996)

Direct costs of schizophrenia in Italian community psychiatric services
, Pharmacoeconomics 19(12): 1217-1225 (2001)

Direct costs of severe sepsis in three German intensive care units based on retrospective electronic patient record analysis of resource use
, Intensive Care Medicine 28(10): 1440-1446 (2002)

Direct costs of transient cerebral ischemia. A hospital-based study of resource use in Denmark during the first year following transient cerebral ischemic attack
, Ugeskrift for Laeger 161(49): 6782-6785 (1999)

Direct costs to primary care of chronic bronchitis. Analysis of a prospective study
, Atencion Primaria 27(6): 388-394 (2001)

Direct coulomb and exchange interaction in artificial atoms
, Physical Review Letters 84(11): 2485-2488 (2000)

Direct coupling of benzene with olefin catalyzed by Pd(OAc)(2) combined with heteropolyoxometalate under dioxygen
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 125(6): 1476-1477 (2003)

Direct coupling of heavy-hole free excitons in InxGa1-xAs/GaAs quantum wells with free excitons in the GaAs barrier
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 43(2): 1871-1874 (1991)

Direct coupling of magnetic fields to tunneling systems in glasses
, Physical Review Letters 88(7): 075501 (2002)

Direct coupling of microcolumn liquid chromatography with in-tube solid-phase microextraction for the analysis of antidepressant drugs
, Analyst 125(5): 807-809 (2000)

Direct creation of quantum well excitons by electron resonant tunneling
, Physical Review Letters 75(6): 1146-1149 (1995)

Direct culture of gonococci in the patient care area
, Genitourinary Medicine 69(5): 405-406 (1993)

Direct current cardioversion does not cause cardiac damage: evidence from cardiac troponin T estimation
, Heart 80(3): 229-230 (1998)

Direct current cardioversion during pregnancy should be performed with facilities available for fetal monitoring and emergency caesarean section
, Bjog: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 109(12): 1406-1407 (2002)

Direct current cardioversion of atrial fibrillation--the next 40 years
, Mayo Clinic Proceedings 77(9): 895-896 (2002)

Direct current cardioversion: indications, techniques, and recent advances
, Critical Care Medicine 28(10 Suppl): N170-N173 (2000)

Direct current conductivity studies on poly(3-methyl thiophene)
, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 96(1-3): 119-124 (2001)

Direct current in mesoscopic rings induced by high-frequency electromagnetic field
, Physical Review Letters 70(2): 210-213 (1993)

Direct current stimulation of the coronal suture in rabbits
, Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 8(5): 360-366 (1997)

Direct cutaneous gene delivery in a human genetic skin disease
, Human Gene Therapy 8(14): 1659-1665 (1997)

Direct cycle sequencing with delta Taq DNA polymerase
, Dna Sequence: the Journal of Dna Sequencing and Mapping 7(5): 285-288 (1997)

Direct cyclic somatic embryogenesis of cassava for mass production purposes
, Methods in Molecular Biology 111: 61-70 (1999)

Direct cytotoxic and cytoprotective effects of some drugs on isolated cells of gastric mucosa from rats
, Orvosi Hetilap 137(48): 2687-2689 (1996)

Direct cytotoxicity of HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 on human NT neurons
, Neuroreport 7(5): 1045-1049 (1996)

Direct cytotoxicity of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in acidic media: model study on human erythrocytes with DIDS-inhibited anion exchanger
, Die Pharmazie 57(12): 848-851 (2002)

Direct decay from the superdeformed band to the yrast line in 15266Dy86
, Physical Review Letters 88(4): 042501 (2002)

Direct deconvolution techniques for pool libraries of small organic molecules
, Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 21(4): 377-408 (2001)

Direct deflection method for determining refractive-index profiles of polymer optical fiber preforms
, Applied Optics 41(17): 3404-3411 (2002)

Direct delivery of health services to children
, British Journal of Hospital Medicine 50(8): 493 (1993)

Direct demagnetization cooling of high-density solid 3He
, Physical Review Letters 72(6): 868-871 (1994)

Direct democracy: lessons from fluoridation
, Canadian Journal of Public Health 84(2): 82-83 (1993)

Direct demonstration by [13C]NMR spectroscopy that glutamine from astrocytes is a precursor for GABA synthesis in neurons
, Neurochemistry International 22(1): 19-29 (1993)

Direct demonstration in synthetic oligonucleotides that N,N'-bis(2-chloroethyl)-nitrosourea cross links N1 of deoxyguanosine to N3 of deoxycytidine on opposite strands of duplex DNA
, Cancer Research 59(17): 4363-4368 (1999)

Direct demonstration of an air-fluid interface by two-dimensional echocardiography: a new diagnostic sign of hydropneumopericardium
, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 9(2): 187-189 (1996)

Direct demonstration of membrane IL-1 alpha on the surface of circulating B lymphocytes and monocytes
, Journal of Immunology 150(5): 1755-1762 (1993)

Direct demonstration of persistent Epstein-Barr virus gene expression in peripheral blood of infected common marmosets and analysis of virus-infected tissues in vivo
, Journal of General Virology 78: 1417-1424 (1997)

Direct demonstration of the bifunctional property of Tetrahymena 14-nm filament protein/citrate synthase following expression of the gene in Escherichia coli
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 237(2): 205-210 (1997)

Direct demonstration of the essential role of the intramolecular high-mannose oligosaccharide chains in the folding and assembly of soybean (glycine max) lectin polypeptides
, Journal of Biochemistry 113(2): 123-125 (1993)

Direct demonstration of the productive capability of cytokines at the single cell level in lung sarcoidosis using multicolor cytometry
, Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases 69(2): 155-164 (2002)

Direct demonstration that the A gamma T globin gene is linked to the 4 bp promoter deletion in the beta A chromosome of sickle cell traits
, American Journal of Hematology 43(4): 312-315 (1993)

Direct deposit circumvents check fraud
, Healthcare Financial Management: Journal of the Healthcare Financial Management Association 46(5): 15 (1992)

Direct derivation of effective-mass equations for microstructures with atomically abrupt boundaries
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 50(11): 7518-7525 (1994)

Direct detection and characterization of Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli by multiplex PCR for stx1, stx2, eae, ehxA, and saa
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40(1): 271-274 (2002)

Direct detection and differentiation of Legionella spp. and Legionella pneumophila in clinical specimens by dual-color real-time PCR and melting curve analysis
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40(10): 3814-3817 (2002)

Direct detection and identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in smear-positive sputum samples by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes
, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 3(9): 830-837 (1999)

Direct detection and magnetic isolation of Chlamydia trachomatis major outer membrane protein-specific CD8+ CTLs with HLA class I tetramers
, Journal of Immunology 165(12): 7285-7292 (2000)

Direct detection and quantitation of [email protected] by ultrahigh-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry
, Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 13(11): 1349-1355 (2002 )

Direct detection and quantitative determination of bovine lactoferricin and lactoferrin fragments in human gastric contents by affinity mass spectrometry
, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 443: 23-32 (1998)

Direct detection of Epstein-Barr viral antigen in nasopharyngeal swabs from patients with infectious mononucleosis
, Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 3(8): 776-781 (1996)

Direct detection of Listeria monocytogenes using paramagnetic bead DNA extraction and enzymatic DNA amplification
, Molecular and Cellular Probes 8(3): 223-228 (1994)

Direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in respiratory samples from patients in Scandinavia by polymerase chain reaction
, Clinical Microbiology and Infection: the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2(2): 127-131 (1996)

Direct detection of an antigen in immunoglobulin G Langmuir-Blodgett films based on a surface plasma resonance method and in a piezoelectric system
, Biokhimiia 59(7): 939-945 (1994)

Direct detection of bacteria in cellular blood products using bacterial ribosomal RNA-directed probes coupled to electrochemiluminescence
, Transfusion Medicine 9(3): 177-188 (1999)

Direct detection of common mutations in the familial Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) using naturally occurring and primer mediated restriction fragment analysis. Mutation in brief no. 257. Online
, Human Mutation 14(1): 91 (1999)

Direct detection of diarrheagenic Aeromonas from faeces by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting aerolysin toxin gene
, European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 5(3): 91-94 (2001)

Direct detection of domains in phospholipid bilayers by grazing incidence diffraction of neutrons and atomic force microscopy
, Biophysical Journal 74(5): 2443-2450 (1998)

Direct detection of endogenous histamine in rat peritoneal mast cells by in-capillary derivatization high-performance capillary electrophoresis
, Journal of Chromatography. B Biomedical Sciences and Applications 736(1-2): 263-271 (1999)

Direct detection of enterovirus 71 (EV71) in clinical specimens from a hand, foot, and mouth disease outbreak in Singapore by reverse transcription-PCR with universal enterovirus and EV71-specific primers
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40(8): 2823-2827 (2002)

Direct detection of galactic halo dark matter
, Science 292(5517): 698-702 (2001)

Direct detection of heat and cold denaturation for partial unfolding of a protein
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 123(30): 7453-7454 (2001)

Direct detection of heparin-induced platelet aggregation
, Circulation 100(25): E155 (1999)

Direct detection of human cytomegalovirus in urine specimens from bone marrow transplant patients by polymerase chain reaction
, Rinsho Byori. Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology 44(3): 267-273 (1996)

Direct detection of intratumoral 5-fluorouracil trapping using metabolic 19F MR imaging
, Magnetic Resonance Imaging 17(1): 151-155 (1999)

Direct detection of low-concentration NO in physiological solutions by a new GaAs-based sensor
, Chemistry 7(8): 1743-1749 (2001)

Direct detection of mutations in the LDL receptor gene in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia
, Casopis Lekaru Ceskych 137(24): 750-752 (1998)

Direct detection of neutral atoms photodesorbed from monolayers and multilayers of rare gases on a metal surface by excitonic and ionic primary processes
, Physical Review Letters 59(7): 791-794 (1987)

Direct detection of oxygen free radicals produced in the viscera of burned rats using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
, Chinese Journal of Traumatology 5(2): 118-120 (2002)

Direct detection of red blood cell fragments: a new flow cytometric method to evaluate hemolysis in blood pumps
, Asaio Journal 47(5): 533-536 (2001)

Direct detection of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with genomic DNA by the ferrocenylnaphthalene diimide-based electrochemical hybridization assay (FND-EHA)
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 19(1): 79-83 (2003)

Direct detection of singlet oxygen via its phosphorescence from cellular and fungal cultures
, Methods in Enzymology 352: 41-52 (2002)

Direct detection of supersymmetric dark matter and the role of the target nucleus spin
, Physical Review. D Particles and Fields 50(12): 7128-7143 (1994)

Direct detection of tissue nitric oxide in septic mice
, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 454: 181-187 (1998)

Direct detection of verotoxin genes in stool samples by polymerase chain reaction in hemolytic uremic syndrome patients in France
, Clinical Microbiology and Infection: the Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 3(1): 117-119 (1997)

Direct detection using the Drosophila DNA-repair test and isolation of a DNA-damaging mycotoxin, 5,6-dihydropenicillic acid, in fungal culture
, Food and Chemical Toxicology: An International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 32(1): 37-43 (1994)

Direct determination of 7-hydroxycoumarin and 7-hydroxycoumarin-glucuronide in urine by using capillary electrophoresis
, Analyst 121(2): 243-247 (1996)

Direct determination of ABO and cisAB blood group genotypes using polymerase chain reaction amplification of specific alleles (PASA)--method
, Rinsho Byori. Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology 44(8): 783-790 (1996)

Direct determination of DeltapH in chloroplasts, and its relation to the mechanisms of photoinduced reactions
, Febs Letters 13(1): 41-44 (1971)

Direct determination of III-V semiconductor surface band gaps
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 41(14): 9880-9885 (1990)

Direct determination of absolute configuration of monoalcohols by bis(magnesium porphyrin)
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(46): 13676-13677 (2002)

Direct determination of amiloride in urine using isopotential fluorimetry
, Analyst 122(3): 247-252 (1997)

Direct determination of anabolic steroids in human urine by on-line solid-phase extraction/liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
, Journal of Mass Spectrometry: Jms 31(3): 309-319 (1996)

Direct determination of benzodiazepines in biological fluids by restricted-access solid-phase microextraction
, Analytical Chemistry 74(5): 1081-1087 (2002)

Direct determination of biogenic amines in wine by integrating continuous flow clean-up and capillary electrophoresis with indirect UV detection
, Journal of Chromatography A 803(1-2): 249-260 (1998)

Direct determination of blood recirculation rate in hemodialysis by a conductivity method
, Asaio Journal 44(1): 68-73 (1998)

Direct determination of boron and zirconium in ceramic materials by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after alkali sintering and fusion
, Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 371(8): 1158-1160 (2001)

Direct determination of cobalt site preferences in Nd2Fe14B at infinite dilution
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 39(7): 4730-4732 (1989)

Direct determination of colonic nitric oxide level--a sensitive marker of disease activity in ulcerative colitis
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 93(3): 409-412 (1998)

Direct determination of dibutyl and monobutyl phosphate in a tributyl phosphate/nitric aqueous-phase system by electrospray mass spectrometry
, Analytical Chemistry 72(6): 1186-1191 (2000)

Direct determination of diffusion coefficients of substrate and product by chronoamperometric techniques at microelectrodes for any level of ionic support
, Analytical Chemistry 74(1): 149-157 (2002)

Direct determination of electron band energies by transmission interference in thin films
, Physical Review Letters 55(5): 545-548 (1985)

Direct determination of exact charge states of surface point defects using scanning tunneling microscopy: As vacancies on GaAs (110)
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 53(11): 6935-6938 (1996)

Direct determination of free triiodothyronine (T3) in undiluted serum by equilibrium dialysis/radioimmunoassay (RIA)
, Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association 6(4): 255-259 (1996)

Direct determination of impact ionization quantum yield in Si by ballistic-electron-emission microscopy
, Physical Review Letters 72(6): 928-931 (1994)

Direct determination of impact-ionization rates near threshold in semiconductors using soft-x-ray photoemission
, Physical Review Letters 68(6): 831-834 (1992)

Direct determination of impact-parameter-dependent stopping powers for million-electron-volt He ions penetrating Er-doped GaAs
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 53(3): 1644-1652 (1996)

Direct determination of interfacial magnetic moments with a magnetic phase transition in Co nanoclusters on Au(111)
, Physical Review Letters 87(25): 257201 (2001)

Direct determination of kerma for a d(48.5) + Be therapy beam
, Physics in Medicine and Biology 43(12): 3449-3457 (1998)

Direct determination of lead in biological samples by electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ETV-ICP-MS) after furnace-fusion in the sample cuvette-tungsten boat furnace
, Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 367(3): 300-305 (2000)

Direct determination of metastable phase diagram by synchrotron radiation experiments on undercooled metallic melts
, Physical Review Letters 86(6): 1038-1041 (2001)

Direct determination of methylmercury and inorganic mercury in biological materials by solid sampling-electrothermal vaporization-inductively coupled plasma-isotope dilution-mass spectrometry
, Analytical Chemistry 74(15): 3833-3842 (2002)

Direct determination of molecular orbital symmetry of H2S using polarized x-ray emission
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 43(1): 235-241 (1991)

Direct determination of motional correlation times by 1D MAS and 2D exchange NMR techniques
, Journal of Magnetic Resonance 134(2): 261-279 (1998)

Direct determination of naftopidil by non-protected fluid room temperature phosphorescence
, Analyst 126(2): 234-238 (2001)

Direct determination of nitric oxide in rat brain during various types of seizures using ESR
, Doklady Akademii Nauk 348(1): 119-121 (1996)

Direct determination of nitrite traces in high ionic-strength samples by electrostatic ion chromatography using diluted acid solutions as eluent
, Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 371(8): 1109-1112 (2001)

Direct determination of pantoprazole enantiomers in human serum by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography using a cellulose-based chiral stationary phase and column-switching system as a sample cleanup procedure
, Analytical Chemistry 68(9): 1513-1516 (1996)

Direct determination of particle-particle interactions in a 2D plasma dust crystal
, Physical Review Letters 87(23): 235001 (2001)

Direct determination of platinum in urine by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry
, American Clinical Laboratory 19(7): 14-15 (2000)

Direct determination of point-defect equilibrium concentrations
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 44(16): 9064-9067 (1991)

Direct determination of purine bases in tea by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography
, Se Pu 17(5): 459-461 (1999)

Direct determination of selenium and other trace elements in serum samples by ICP-MS
, Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology: Organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements 12(4): 240-247 (1999)

Direct determination of selenium in human blood serum and plasma by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry
, Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology: Organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements 9(2): 74-81 (1995)

Direct determination of selenoproteins in polyvinylidene difluoride membranes by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry
, Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 367(1): 96-98 (2000)

Direct determination of self-consistent total energies and charge densities of solids: A study of the cohesive properties of the alkali halides
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 46(4): 2008-2014 (1992)

Direct determination of serum content of ferulic acid treated with boiling water in HPLC in volunteers after oral Administration of Coronary Heart No. II decoction
, Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie he Za Zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi 19(2): 71-74 (1999)

Direct determination of silicon in powdered aluminium oxide by use of slurry sampling with in situ fusion graphite-furnace atomic-absorption spectrometry
, Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 370(7): 855-859 (2001)

Direct determination of stability of protease inhibitors in plasma by HPLC with automated column-switching
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 19(3-4): 343-349 (1999)

Direct determination of step and kink energies on vicinal Si(001)
, Physical Review Letters 65(15): 1913-1916 (1990)

Direct determination of substituted azepinoindole enantiomers in rat plasma using silica stationary phase and beta-cyclodextrin as a mobile phase additive
, Analytical Chemistry 67(11): 1903-1906 (1995)

Direct determination of surface diffusion by displacement distribution measurement with scanning tunneling microscopy
, Physical Review Letters 71(18): 2923-2926 (1993)

Direct determination of t,t-muconic acid in human urine by two-dimensional liquid chromatography
, Analyst 125(4): 689-692 (2000)

Direct determination of the N-acetyl-L-aspartate synthesis rate in the human brain by (13)C MRS and [1-(13)C]glucose infusion
, Journal of Neurochemistry 77(1): 347-350 (2001)

Direct determination of the band discontinuities in InxGa1-xP/InyAl1-yP multiple quantum wells
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 48(24): 18031-18036 (1993)

Direct determination of the conductivity exponent in directed percolation
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 33(3): 2017-2019 (1986)

Direct determination of the electron-electron-hole Auger threshold energy in silicon
, Physical Review Letters 73(24): 3258-3261 (1994)

Direct determination of the electron-tunneling escape time from a GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum well by transient-capacitance spectroscopy
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 44(7): 3157-3161 (1991)

Direct determination of the f( alpha ) singularity spectrum
, Physical Review Letters 62(12): 1327-1330 (1989)

Direct determination of the f( alpha ) singularity spectrum and its application to fully developed turbulence
, Physical Review. A General Physics 40(9): 5284-5294 (1989)

Direct determination of the interaction between vacancies on InP(110) surfaces
, Physical Review Letters 76(12): 2089-2092 (1996)

Direct determination of the permanent dipole moments and structures of Al-CH(3)CN and Al-NH(3) by using a 2-m electrostatic hexapole field
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 123(26): 6367-6371 (2001)

Direct determination of the probability distribution function of concentration in polymer mixtures undergoing phase separation
, Physical Review Letters 59(6): 692-695 (1987)

Direct determination of the quantum-mechanical density matrix using the density equation
, Physical Review Letters 76(7): 1039-1042 (1996)

Direct determination of the reaction path of Sb4 on Si(001) with scanning tunneling microscopy
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 48(23): 17233-17238 (1993)

Direct determination of the self-diffusion mechanism in bcc beta -titanium
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 39(8): 5025-5034 (1989)

Direct determination of the single-ion anisotropy in a one-dimensional magnetic system by high-field EPR spectroscopy; synthesis, EPR, and X-ray structure of NixZn1-x(C2O4)(dmiz)2
, Inorganic Chemistry 39(2): 159-164 (2000)

Direct determination of the step-edge formation energies of the energetically stable and unstable double-layer step edges of Si(001)
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 53(23): 15429-15431 (1996)

Direct determination of the stereochemical structure of CH4+
, Physical Review Letters 57(22): 2793-2795 (1986)

Direct determination of theophylline in human serum by high-performance liquid chromatography using zwitterionic micellar mobile phase. Comparison with an enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique
, Analyst 118(12): 1511-1513 (1993)

Direct determination of track etch rate and response of CR-39 to normal incidence high-energy heavy ions
, Radiation Measurements 33(6): 855-858 (2001)

Direct determination of vanadium in hair by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry using air ashing in the graphite furnace
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 17(11): 1351-1354 (2001)

Direct detoxification of N-acetoxy-PhIP by tea polyphenols: a possible mechanism for chemoprevention against PhIP-DNA adduct formation in vivo
, Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 32(5): 265-269 (1998)

Direct diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis genital infections: culture or PCR?
, Pathologie-Biologie 46(10): 813-818 (1998)

Direct dial to dispatch. Automated Collision-Notification System provides immediate access to medical care
, Emergency Medical Services 27(8): 20-22 (1998)

Direct dialing for baby information: 572-BABY gets you helpful and free advice
, Profiles in hospital marketing 7: 10-13 (1982)

Direct digital control: next generation for building automation. An explanation of what direct digital control (DDC) means and how it can help control a building's consumption
, Specifying Engineer 48(2): 66-70 (1982)

Direct digital mammography image acquisition
, European Radiology 7(6): 918-930 (1997)

Direct digital radiography versus storage phosphor radiography in the detection of wrist fractures
, Clinical Radiology 57(4): 258-262 (2002)

Direct digital versus conventional film screen radiography of the musculoskeletal system
, Journal of digital imaging 11(3 Suppl 1): 172-173 (1998)

Direct dilatation and emergency bypass operation of main branch occlusion in acute anterior wall infarct and cardiogenic shock
, Herz 22(2): 111-115 (1997)

Direct disclosure by radiologists of imaging findings to patients: a survey of radiologists and medical staff members
, Ajr. American Journal of Roentgenology 167(5): 1091-1093 (1996)

Direct disclosure of bone density results to patients: effect on knowledge of osteoporosis risk and anxiety level
, Osteoporosis International: a Journal Established as Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the Usa 8(6): 584-590 (1998)

Direct dissemination of pathologic abdominal processes through perihepatic ligaments: identification with CT
, Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America Inc 14(3): 515-528 (1994)

Direct dissociative recombination of ground-state HeH+
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 50(4): R2806-R2809 (1994)

Direct dissolution of gallstones with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) via endoscopic transpapillary catheterization in the gallbladder (ETCG)
, Journal of Gastroenterology 29(4): 486-494 (1994)

Direct dissolution therapy of biliary tract calculi
, Orvosi Hetilap 135(49): 2691-2694 (1994)

Direct double photoionization involving inner and outer electrons: First experimental determination and many-body calculations of an absolute cross section
, Physical Review Letters 73(23): 3074-3077 (1994)

Direct double photoionization of atomic sodium
, Physical Review. A Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics 50(6): 4868-4876 (1994)

Direct drug susceptibility test for tubercle bacilli by the sputum swab culture method
, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 4(2): 168-173 (2000)

Direct duodenal invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma. Intestinal hemorrhage treated by transcatheter arterial embolization
, Clinical Imaging 22(3): 196-199 (1998)

Direct duplication of 8p21.3-->p23.1: a cytogenetic anomaly associated with developmental delay without consistent clinical features
, American Journal of Medical Genetics 103(3): 231-234 (2001)

Direct duplication of 9p22-->p24 in a child with duplication 9p syndrome
, American Journal of Medical Genetics 77(4): 268-271 (1998)

Direct dynamical calculation of entropy and free energy by adiabatic switching
, Physical Review Letters 65(26): 3301-3304 (1990)

Direct dynamical test for deterministic chaos and optimal embedding of a chaotic time series
, Physical Review. E Statistical Physics Plasmas Fluids and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 49(5): 3807-3814 (1994)

Direct dynamics calculations of reaction rate and kinetic isotope effects in enzyme catalysed reactions
, Faraday Discussions 122: 223-42; Discussion 269-82 (2003)

Direct effect of amezinium on rabbit urethra: effect of estrogen and progesterone treatment
, International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 7(6): 325-330 (1996)

Direct effect of anesthetic inducers on the electromyographic signals of the adductor pollicis
, Revista Espanola de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion 47(4): 157-161 (2000)

Direct effect of bispecific anti-CD33 x anti-CD64 antibody on proliferation and signaling in myeloid cells
, Leukemia Research 25(12): 1115-1125 (2001)

Direct effect of croton oil on intestinal epithelial cells and colonic smooth muscle cells
, World Journal of Gastroenterology 8(1): 103-107 (2002)

Direct effect of danazol on endometrial hyperplasia in adenomyotic women: treatment with danazol containing intrauterine device
, Human Cell 13(3): 127-133 (2000)

Direct effect of inorganic mercury on citrate uptake by isolated rat renal brush border membrane vesicles
, Industrial Health 35(4): 456-460 (1997)

Direct effect of phosphate on parathyroid function
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 14(Suppl): 70-72 (1999)

Direct effect of streptococcal preparation 722 (Sapylin) on squamous cell carcinoma (Tca8113) cells of human tongue in vitro and in vivo
, Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 28(6): 365-7 384 (1993)

Direct effect of the correction of acidosis on plasma parathyroid hormone concentrations, calcium and phosphate in hemodialysis patients: a prospective study
, Nephron 87(3): 257-262 (2001)

Direct effect of the neurotoxicant acrylamide on kinesin-based microtubule motility
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 46(1): 7-17 (1996)

Direct effect of vitamins at the time of palatal fusion
, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 102(7): 2512-2513 (1998)

Direct effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) on serotonin or dopamine release and uptake in the caudate putamen, nucleus accumbens, substantia nigra pars reticulata, and the dorsal raphé nucleus slices
, Synapse 36(4): 275-285 (2000)

Direct effects of Chinese herbal medicine "hochuekkito" on sperm movement
, Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Urology 89(7): 641-646 (1998)

Direct effects of bisphosphonates on breast cancer cells
, Breast Cancer Research: Bcr 4(1): 18-23 (2002)

Direct effects of caffeine and theophylline on p110 delta and other phosphoinositide 3-kinases. Differential effects on lipid kinase and protein kinase activities
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(40): 37124-37130 (2002)

Direct effects of chronic beta-adrenergic receptor blockade on left ventricular and myocyte function in a model of tachycardia-induced congestive heart failure
, Journal of Cardiac Failure 2(4): 311-318 (1996)

Direct effects of class I antiarrhythmic drugs on epicardial electrograms in dogs
, Japanese Heart Journal 40(5): 621-628 (1999)

Direct effects of corticotropin on plasma lipoprotein metabolism in man--studies in vivo and in vitro
, Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 43(1): 90-97 (1994)

Direct effects of corticotropin-releasing hormone and thyrotropin-releasing hormone on fetal lung explants
, Peptides 21(12): 1819-1829 (2000)

Direct effects of fluoride on activities of bone morphogenetic protein
, Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 34(4): 215-217 (2000)

Direct effects of induced parturition on subsequent reproductive performance of dairy cows from commercial herds in south-western Victoria
, Australian Veterinary Journal 72(8): 293-295 (1995)

Direct effects of leptin on brown and white adipose tissue
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 100(11): 2858-2864 (1997)

Direct effects of lithium chloride on the activities of delta 5-3 beta and 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in the testis and Bidder's organ of the adult toad (Bufo melanostictus)--in vitro study
, Folia Biologica 47(3-4): 73-76 (1999)

Direct effects of low-frequency acoustic oscillations on cell membranes
, Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia 1996(9): 29-32 (1996)

Direct effects of new indorenate analogs on blood pressure of pithed rats
, Proceedings of the Western Pharmacology Society 41: 95-97 (1998)

Direct effects of ovine follicular fluid on ovarian steroid secretion and expression of markers of cellular differentiation in sheep
, Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 117(2): 259-269 (1999)

Direct effects of oxygenated crystalloid or blood cardioplegia on isolated myocyte contractile function
, Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 112(4): 1064-1072 (1996)

Direct effects of prolactin on corticosterone release by zona fasciculata-reticularis cells from male rats
, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 73(4): 563-572 (1999)

Direct effects of propofol on myocardial and vascular tissue from mature and immature rats
, Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 15(6): 745-749 (2001)

Direct effects of statins on cells primarily involved in atherosclerosis
, Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension 23(2): 187-192 (2000)

Direct effects of the intrathecal administration of normal saline for the brain expansion after the removal of subdural hematoma
, Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska 30(3): 457-465 (1996)

Direct effects of thyroid hormones on rat coronary artery: nongenomic effects of triiodothyronine and thyroxine
, Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association 8(7): 609-613 (1998)

Direct effects of triiodothyronine on human internal mammary artery and saphenous veins
, Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 11(4): 463-466 (1997)

Direct ejection of clusters from nonmetallic solids during laser vaporization
, Physical Review Letters 66(9): 1205-1208 (1991)

Direct electrical stimulations of the temporal pole in human
, Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape 4(Suppl): S23-S27 (2002)

Direct electrochemical aziridination of alkenes under metal-free conditions
, Angewandte Chemie 41(19): 3586-8 3513 (2002)

Direct electrochemical characterization of hyperthermophilic Thermococcus celer metalloenzymes involved in hydrogen production from pyruvate
, Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: Jbic: a Publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry 6(3): 227-231 (2001)

Direct electrochemical measurement of nitric oxide in vascular endothelium
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 19(1-2): 135-143 (1999)

Direct electrochemical oxidation of polyacrylates
, Annali di Chimica 92(10): 937-943 (2002)

Direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis with horseradish peroxidase in Eastman AQ films
, Bioelectrochemistry 54(1): 75-81 (2001)

Direct electrochemistry of catalase on glassy carbon electrodes
, Bioelectrochemistry 55(1-2): 157-160 (2002)

Direct electrochemistry of cytochrome c at a glassy carbon electrode modified with single-wall carbon nanotubes
, Analytical Chemistry 74(9): 1993-1997 (2002)

Direct electrochemistry of heme proteins: effect of electrode surface modification by neutral surfactants
, Bioelectrochemistry 53(1): 17-24 (2001)

Direct electrochemistry of hemoglobin in layer-by-layer films with poly(vinyl sulfonate) grown on pyrolytic graphite electrodes
, Bioelectrochemistry 53(2): 205-212 (2001)

Direct electrochemistry of pentachlorophenol hydroxylase
, Chemical Communications 2001(22): 2370-2371 (2001)

Direct electromagnetic acceleration of a compact toroid to high density and high speed
, Physical Review Letters 74(16): 3165-3168 (1995)

Direct electron transfer of glucose oxidase molecules adsorbed onto carbon nanotube powder microelectrode
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 18(8): 939-941 (2002)

Direct electrophilic insertion into a twelve-vertex metallacarborane
, Angewandte Chemie 41(21): 4112-4114 (2002)

Direct electrophilic radiofluorination of a cyclic RGD peptide for in vivo alpha(v)beta3 integrin related tumor imaging
, Nuclear Medicine and Biology 30(1): 1-9 (2003)

Direct electroreductive preparation of indolines and indoles from diazonium salts
, Organic Letters 4(16): 2735-2738 (2002)

Direct electrospray ionization mass spectroscopic measurement of micro-flow oil/water system
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 18(3): 367-368 (2002)

Direct embryogenesis from protoplast of winter wheat
, Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 16(5): 609-613 (2000)

Direct emergence of the dorsospinal artery from the aorta supplying the anterior spinal artery: report of two cases
, Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 19(10): 1961-1962 (1998)

Direct enantiomeric high performance liquid chromatographic separation of propafenone and its major metabolite in serum on a cellulose tris-3,5-dimethylphenyl carbamate chiral stationary phase
, Biomedical Chromatography: Bmc 7(1): 38-40 (1993)

Direct enantiomeric resolution of some cardiovascular agents using synthetic polymers imprinted with (-)-S-timolol as chiral stationary phase by thin layer chromatography
, Die Pharmazie 57(3): 169-171 (2002)

Direct enantiomeric separation of cis-(+/-)diltiazem in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with ovomucoid column
, Journal of Chromatography 619(1): 87-92 (1993)

Direct enantiomeric separation of platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist SM-10661 by ligand-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography with a copper (II) N,S-dioctyl-D-penicillamine complex
, Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 59(9): 1740-1741 (1995)

Direct enantioseparation of adrenergic drugs via thin-layer chromatography using molecularly imprinted polymers
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 19(3-4): 519-527 (1999)

Direct endoscopic approach improves prognosis of septic-synovitis in the horse
, Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde 127(14-15): 444-449 (2002)

Direct endoscopic percutaneous jejunostomy (EPJ). Clinical results
, Surgical Endoscopy 8(8): 867-9; discussion 869-70 (1994)

Direct endoscopic placement of naso-enteral feeding tubes
, Endoscopy 26(4): 371 (1994)

Direct energy transfer in polymer systems
, Physical Review Letters 65(25): 3205-3208 (1990)

Direct energy transfer in restricted geometries as a probe of the pore morphology of silica
, Physical Review Letters 58(7): 686-689 (1987)

Direct energy-transfer studies on doped and labeled polymer latex particles
, Physical Review Letters 61(5): 641-644 (1988)

Direct enhancement of GABA-ergic neurotransmission by ammonia
, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 420: 85-94 (1997)

Direct enlargement of isolated coronary artery ostial stenosis
, Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 107(2): 626-627 (1994)

Direct entropy calculation from computer simulation of liquids
, Physical Review. A General Physics 40(7): 3817-3822 (1989)

Direct entry midwifery education. Evaluation of program innovations
, Journal of Nurse-Midwifery 43(2): 102-105 (1998)

Direct entry midwifery education: caught in the middle of the maternity care crisis and a political-educational debate
, Birth Gazette 9(2): 16-19 (1993)

Direct epicardial mapping can differentiate hibernating from scarred myocardium: a validation study with 18F-FDG-PET
, Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology Inc 7(4): 349-356 (2002)

Direct esophageal metastasis from a distant primary tumor is a submucosal process: a review of six cases
, Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus 14(3-4): 247-250 (2001)

Direct esthetic restoration of anterior root canal-treated teeth
, Operative Dentistry 20(2): 42-45 (1995)

Direct estimate of active bacteria: CTC use and limitations
, Journal of Microbiological Methods 52(1): 19-28 (2003)

Direct estimates of cancer mortality due to low doses of ionising radiation: an international study. IARC Study Group on Cancer Risk among Nuclear Industry Workers
, Lancet 344(8929): 1039-1043 (1994)

Direct estimates of prevalent HIV infection in adults in England and Wales for 1991 and 1993: an improved method
, Genitourinary Medicine 73(5): 348-354 (1997)

Direct estimation of intracellular PO2 gradients in a single cardiomyocyte of the rat
, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 454: 409-413 (1998)

Direct estimation of maternal mortality in Africa
, Lancet 352(9139): 1525-1526 (1998)

Direct estimation of the in vivo dissolution of spironolactone, in two particle size ranges, using the single-pass perfusion technique (Loc-I-Gut) in humans
, European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences: Official Journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 12(3): 239-250 (2001)

Direct estimation of the partition function from computer simulation
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 65(2 Pt 2): 026110 (2002)

Direct estimations of linear and nonlinear functionals of a quantum state
, Physical Review Letters 88(21): 217901 (2002)

Direct ethanol metabolite ethyl glucuronide. Its value as alcohol intake and recurrence marker, methods of detection and prospects
, Psychiatrische Praxis 27(8): 367-371 (2000)

Direct evaluation of adolescent HIV counseling and testing services
, Aids Patient Care and Stds 12(4): 295-301 (1998)

Direct evaluation of erythrocyte aggregability in human, sheep and cow blood samples with a computerized image analysis
, Revista Medico-Chirurgicala a Societatii de Medici Si Naturalisti Din Iasi 103(3-4): 127-130 (1999)

Direct evaluation of high-speed recordings of vocal fold vibrations
, Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica: Official Organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics 48(4): 163-170 (1996)

Direct evaluation of length scales and structural parameters associated with flow in porous media
, Physical Review. E Statistical Physics Plasmas Fluids and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 50(3): 2134-2138 (1994)

Direct evaluation of needle and syringe exchange programmes
, Lancet 347(9003): 768 (1996)

Direct evaluation of secondary orbital interactions in the Diels-Alder reaction between cyclopentadiene and maleic anhydride
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 66(18): 6178-6180 (2001)

Direct evaluation of thermal fluctuations in proteins using a single-parameter harmonic potential
, Folding and Design 2(3): 173-181 (1997)

Direct evidence for a geometrically constrained "entatic state" effect on copper(II/I) electron-transfer kinetics as manifested in metastable intermediates
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 123(24): 5720-5729 (2001)

Direct evidence for a ruthenium(IV) oxo complex-mediated oxidation of a hydroxamic acid in the presence of phosphine oxide donors
, Chemical Communications 2001(18): 1812-1813 (2001)

Direct evidence for ambient-controlled hopping conduction in inhomogeneous a-Si and a-Si:H from gas-diffusion experiments
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 38(7): 4986-4988 (1988)

Direct evidence for an adhesive function in the noncholinergic role of acetylcholinesterase in neurite outgrowth
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 63(2): 165-175 (2001)

Direct evidence for an effect of twin boundaries on flux pinning in single-crystal YBa2Cu3O6+x
, Physical Review Letters 64(4): 483-486 (1990)

Direct evidence for an intrinsic square vortex lattice in the overdoped high- T(c) superconductor La(1.83)Sr(0.17)CuO(4+delta)
, Physical Review Letters 88(21): 217003 (2002)

Direct evidence for base-mediated decomposition of alkyl hydroperoxides (ROOH) in the gas phase
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(13): 3196-3197 (2002)

Direct evidence for bioconversion of vitamin E acetate into vitamin E: an ex vivo study in viable human skin
, Journal of Cosmetic Science 52(3): 155-161 (2001)

Direct evidence for block-by-block growth in high-temperature superconductor ultrathin films
, Physical Review Letters 86(22): 5156-5159 (2001)

Direct evidence for catalase as the predominant H2O2 -removing enzyme in human erythrocytes
, Blood 90(12): 4973-4978 (1997)

Direct evidence for charge-transfer photodissociation at a metal surface: CCl4/Ag(111)
, Physical Review Letters 67(17): 2395-2398 (1991)

Direct evidence for competition between local and global mechanisms of two-dimensional orientation illusions
, Perception 22(3): 273-286 (1993)

Direct evidence for critical exchange coupling via Al layers in the heavy-fermion compound CePd2Al3
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 49(22): 15759-15763 (1994)

Direct evidence for efficient energy transfer from N-related defects to PGa antisite complexes in GaP from optically detected magnetic resonance
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 36(14): 7755-7757 (1987)

Direct evidence for in vivo induction of CD8+ cytotoxic T cells directed to donor MHC class I peptides following mouse allotransplantation
, Transplantation 60(12): 1621-1624 (1995)

Direct evidence for interface-induced perpendicular spin orientation and spin reorientation in terbium-coated thin iron films
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 50(4): 2537-2547 (1994)

Direct evidence for limited clonality of antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) in stiff man syndrome using baculovirus expressed GAD
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 57(5): 659 (1994)

Direct evidence for localized motion of hydrogen in Cd-H complexes in silicon
, Physical Review Letters 67(7): 847-850 (1991)

Direct evidence for neutrino flavor transformation from neutral-current interactions in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory
, Physical Review Letters 89(1): 011301 (2002)

Direct evidence for nitric oxide stimulation of electrolyte secretion in the rat colon
, Free Radical Research Communications 19(4): 229-239 (1993)

Direct evidence for perpendicular spin orientations and enhanced hyperfine fields in ultrathin Fe(100) films on Ag(100)
, Physical Review Letters 59(21): 2463-2466 (1987)

Direct evidence for plastic deformation of quasicrystals by means of a dislocation mechanism
, Physical Review Letters 71(4): 549-552 (1993)

Direct evidence for positron annihilation from shallow traps
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 36(7): 4054-4057 (1987)

Direct evidence for preassociation preceding covalent binding in the reaction of cis-[Pt(NH3)2(H2O)2]2+ with surface immobilized oligonucleotides
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 123(23): 5576-5577 (2001)

Direct evidence for screening of the Coulomb interaction in quasi-two-dimensional systems
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 36(17): 9297-9300 (1987)

Direct evidence for substitutional ion-implanted indium dopants in silicon
, Physical Review Letters 57(18): 2283-2286 (1986)

Direct evidence for systemic fibrinogenolysis in patients with acquired alpha 2-plasmin inhibitor deficiency
, American Journal of Hematology 45(1): 16-24 (1994)

Direct evidence for the absence of active Na+ reabsorption in hamster ascending thin limb of Henle's loop
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 91(1): 5-11 (1993)

Direct evidence for the acceptorlike character of the Cu-related C and F bound-exciton centers in GaAs
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 32(6): 3723-3729 (1985)

Direct evidence for the breakdown of the N = 8 shell closure in 12Be
, Physical Review Letters 85(2): 266-269 (2000)

Direct evidence for the different roles of the N- and C-terminal regulatory disulfides of sorghum leaf NADP-malate dehydrogenase in its activation by reduced thioredoxin
, Febs Letters 392(2): 121-124 (1996)

Direct evidence for the effect of lattice distortions in the transport properties of perovskite-type manganite films
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 54(14): 10014-10018 (1996)

Direct evidence for the expression of multiple endogenous retroviruses in the synovial compartment in rheumatoid arthritis
, Arthritis and Rheumatism 40(4): 627-638 (1997)

Direct evidence for the incorporation of univalent indium into high-silica zeolite, H-ZSM-5, by thermal auto-reductive solid-state ion exchange
, Chemical Communications 2001(21): 2242-2243 (2001)

Direct evidence for the involvement of carbohydrate sequences in human sperm-zona pellucida binding
, Molecular Human Reproduction 4(4): 318-324 (1998)

Direct evidence for the localized single-triplet excitations and the dispersive multitriplet excitations in SrCu2(BO3)2
, Physical Review Letters 84(25): 5876-5879 (2000)

Direct evidence for the negative-U nature of the DX center in AlxGa1-xAs
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 46(12): 7533-7536 (1992)

Direct evidence for the nonrandom nature of Al substitution in zeolite ZSM-5: an investigation by (27)Al MAS and MQ MAS NMR
, Angewandte Chemie 41(3): 469-472 (2002)

Direct evidence for the participation of gap junction-mediated intercellular communication in the transmission of damage signals from alpha -particle irradiated to nonirradiated cells
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98(2): 473-478 (2001)

Direct evidence for the quantum interlayer defect-assisted percolation model of cuprate high-Tc superconductivity
, Physical Review. B Condensed Matter 39(10): 7356-7358 (1989)

Direct evidence for the suppression of period doubling in the bouncing-ball model
, Physical Review. A General Physics 37(5): 1782-1785 (1988)

Direct evidence for three-body mechanisms in the reaction p+d
, Physical Review Letters 61(18): 2069-2072 (1988)

Direct evidence for triple-Q spin-density wave in fcc antiferromagnetic Mn-Ni alloy
, Physical Review Letters 61(4): 471-474 (1988)

Direct evidence for two interaction modes in adsorption of divalent metal ions to iminodiacetate-type chelating resins
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 18(5): 575-577 (2002)

Direct evidence for two-band superconductivity in MgB2 single crystals from directional point-contact spectroscopy in magnetic fields
, Physical Review Letters 89(24): 247004 (2002)

Direct evidence for two-neutrino double-beta decay in 82Se
, Physical Review Letters 59(18): 2020-2023 (1987)

Direct evidence for two-step photoionization of DX (Te) centers in AlxGa1-xAs
, Physical Review Letters 66(1): 68-71 (1991)

Direct evidence from gas-phase atomic spectra for an unscreened intra-atomic origin of outer-core multiplet splittings in solid manganese compounds
, Physical Review Letters 61(22): 2592-2595 (1988)

Direct evidence from parietal extinction of enhancement of visual attention near a visible hand
, Current Biology: Cb 10(22): 1475-1477 (2000)

Direct evidence of a protective effect of calcium antagonists on the inner ear. Inhibition of a toxic increase in the calcium level in hair cells of the guinea pig
, Hno 43(12): 716-723 (1995)

Direct evidence of a radical mechanism in the addition reaction of iododifluoroesters to olefins by spin trapping
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 65(17): 5098-5103 (2000)

Direct evidence of a stretched C-C distance for C2H2 and C2H4 on Cu(100) at 60 K
, Physical Review Letters 59(21): 2435-2438 (1987)

Direct evidence of anomalous Cu-O vibrational modes near Tc in ErBa2Cu3O7- delta
, Physical Review Letters 62(24): 2869-2872 (1989)

Direct evidence of atmospheric secondary organic aerosol formation in forest atmosphere through heteromolecular nucleation
, Environmental Science and Technology 36(23): 5083-5091 (2002)

Direct evidence of bacterial biofilms in otitis media
, Laryngoscope 111(12): 2083-2094 (2001)

Direct evidence of caeruloplasmin antioxidant properties
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 189(1-2): 127-135 (1998)

Direct evidence of cytomegalovirus in coronary atheromas of patients with advance coronary heart artery disease
, Medizinische Klinik 96(3): 129-134 (2001)

Direct evidence of departure from local thermodynamic equilibrium in a free-burning arc-discharge plasma
, Physical Review. E Statistical Physics Plasmas Fluids and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 48(5): 4124-4127 (1993)