Effects of chronic administration of 7-benzylidene-7-dehydronaltrexone and naltriben on the antinociceptive actions of delta 1- and delta 2-opioid receptor agonists
Bhargava, H.N.; Zhao, G.M.; House, R.V.; Thomas, P.T.
European Journal of Pharmacology 311(2-3): 127-132
ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2999 PMID: 8891592 DOI: 10.1016/0014-2999(96)00411-6
The effects of chronic administration of 7-benzylidene-7-dehydronaltrexone, a delta 1-opioid receptor antagonist and naltriben, a delta 2-opioid receptor antagonist, on the antinociceptive responses to [D-Pen2, D-Pen5] enkephalin and [D-Ala2, Glu4]deltorphin II, delta 1- and delta 2-opioid receptor agonists, respectively, were determined in the mouse. Female B6C3F1 mice were given 7-benzylidene-7-dehydronaltrexone (3 mg/kg/day), naltriben (1 mg/kg/day) or the vehicle by subcutaneously implanted Alzet osmotic minipumps for 7 days. Both [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin and [D-Ala2, Glu4]deltorphin II administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) produced antinociceptive as measured by the tail-flick test with ED50 values of 6.76 and 6.68 micrograms/mouse, respectively. Chronic administration of 7-benzylidene-7-dehydronaltrexone lowered the ED50 of [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin but not of [D-Ala2, Glu4]deltorphin II. Chronic administration of naltriben lowered the ED50 of [D-Ala2, Glu4]deltorphin II but had no effect on the ED50 of [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin. The binding of [3H][D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin to whole brain membranes of chronic 7-benzylidene-7-dehydronaltrexone-treated mice did not differ from chronic vehicle-treated mice. On the other hand, chronic administration of naltriben resulted in slight but reproducible elevation in the Bmax value of [3H][D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin to bind to whole brain membranes in comparison to vehicle-injected controls. The results suggest that chronic treatment with delta 1- and delta 2-opioid receptor antagonist cause behavioral supersensitivity to their agonists, respectively, and provides further evidence for the existence of delta-opioid receptor subtypes.