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Effects of mobile-phase additives, solution pH, ionization constant, and analyte concentration on the sensitivities and electrospray ionization mass spectra of nucleoside antiviral agents



Effects of mobile-phase additives, solution pH, ionization constant, and analyte concentration on the sensitivities and electrospray ionization mass spectra of nucleoside antiviral agents



Analytical Chemistry 71(24): 5481-5492



The effects of various mobile-phase additives, solution pH, pKa, and analyte concentration on electrospray ionization mass spectra of a series of purine and pyrimidine nucleoside antiviral agents were studied in both positive and negative ion models. The use of 1% acetic acid resulted in good HPLC separation and the greatest sensitivity for [M + H]+ ions. In the negative ion mode, 50 mM ammonium hydroxide gave the greatest sensitivity for [M - H]- ions. The sensitivities as [M + H]+ ions were significantly larger than the sensitivities as [M - H]- ions for purine antiviral agents. Vidarabine monophosphate and pyrimidine antiviral agents, however, showed comparable or greater sensitivities as [M - H]- ions. The sensitivity as [M + H]+ showed no systematic variation with pH; however, the sensitivity as [M - H]- did increase with increasing pH. At constant pH, the ion intensity of the protonated species increased with increasing pKa. At higher analyte concentrations, dimer (M2H+) and trimer (M3H+) ions were observed. [M + Na]+ adducts were the dominant ions with 0.5 mM sodium salts for these compounds. The spectra of the more basic purine antiviral agents showed no [M + NH4]+ adduct ions, but [M + NH4]+ ions were the major peaks in the spectra of the less basic pyrimidine antiviral agents with ammonium salts. The ammonium adduct ion was formed preferentially when the proton affinity of the analyte was close to that of NH3. Abundant [M + OAc]- ions were observed for all of the antiviral agents except vidarabine monophosphate from solutions with added HOAc, NaOAc, and NH4OAc. The utility of mobile phases containing 1% HOAc or 50 mM NH4OH was demonstrated for chromatographic separations.

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Accession: 045915894

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PMID: 10624156


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