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Effects of renin-angiotensin system blockade and dietary salt intake on left ventricular hypertrophy in Dahl salt-sensitive rats



Effects of renin-angiotensin system blockade and dietary salt intake on left ventricular hypertrophy in Dahl salt-sensitive rats



Hypertension Research 21(3): 163-168



We studied the effects of chronic blockade of the renin-angiotensin system on hypertension and cardiac left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats given a high-salt or low-salt diet. [Experiment 1] Twelve-week-old male DS rats were fed an 8% NaCl diet and received the angiotensin II receptor (AT1) antagonist, candesartan (3 mg/kg/d), the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril (30 mg/kg/d), or vehicle for 6 wk after 3 wk of 8% salt-loading. Neither candesartan nor enalapril with concomitant high salt-loading attenuated the blood pressure (BP) elevation. LVH was also not attenuated significantly by these treatments. [Experiment 2] After 8 wk of 8% salt-loading, the rats were given a 0.3% NaCl diet and concurrently received candesartan, enalapril, or vehicle for 5 wk. Switching from the high-salt to low-salt diet significantly decreased BP and left ventricular mass in the vehicle-treated animals. Both candesartan and enalapril normalized BP during salt-depletion; the blockade of the renin-angiotensin system produced an additive reduction in LVH. These findings suggest that sodium intake and hemodynamic load, but not the renin-angiotensin system, may be major determinants of the development of LVH in DS rats.

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Accession: 045920141

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PMID: 9786599


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