Section 46
Chapter 45,968

Enhancement of cellular accumulation of cyclosporine by anti-P-glycoprotein monoclonal antibody MRK-16, and their synergistic modulation of multidrug resistance

Naito, M.; Tsuruo, T.

Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer and ChemoTherapy 21(3): 395-402


ISSN/ISBN: 0385-0684
PMID: 7906507
Accession: 045967928

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Drug resistance is a major obstacle to successful cancer chemotherapy. P-glycoprotein, which transports various antitumor agents outside the resistant tumor cells, plays a key role in multidrug resistance. We found that MRK-16, a monoclonal antibody against P-glycoprotein, and cyclosporine, synergistically enhanced the antitumor effects of vincristine and adriamycin in multidrug-resistant K562/ADM cells. On the other hand, the combined use of MRK-16 with verapamil or FK-506 did not show such synergistic effects. Drug accumulation studies revealed that MRK-16 remarkably increased the accumulation of cyclosporine, but not verapamil, in K562/ADM cells. This increased accumulation of cyclosporine by MRK-16 in K562/ADM cells directly resulted in the enhanced accumulation of vincristine and adriamycin in the cells. The synergistic effect of MRK-16 and cyclosporine was further confirmed by isobologram analysis in three different highly multidrug-resistant tumor cells. Moreover, while MRK-16 alone did not enhance the sensitivity of the KB-8-5 cells moderately resistant to vincristine, it increased two-fold the reversing effect of cyclosporine at 1 microM, an achievable blood concentration. Since MRK-16 alone showed therapeutic effects against multidrug-resistant tumors, the combined use of MRK-16, cyclosporine and antitumor agents would provide therapeutic benefits for the treatment of resistant tumors.

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