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Epidemiology of end-stage kidney failure in the Ile-de-France: a prospective cooperative study in 1998

Epidemiology of end-stage kidney failure in the Ile-de-France: a prospective cooperative study in 1998

Nephrologie 21(5): 239-246

A prospective epidemiological study was conducted from January 1 to December 31, 1998 in the Ile-de-France district to determine the incidence and the prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the characteristics of the patients. All nephrology and dialysis units of the Ile-de-France district participated in the study. The total number of ESRD patients requiring maintenance dialysis was 1155 (including 86 kidney graft failures and 29 children) for a total population of 10.7 millions inhabitants, or 108/10(6)/year. The incidence of new ESRD patients was 100/10(6)/year. The mean age of first-dialyzed, adult patients was 59.8 +/- 16.8 years, with 21.6% aged > or = 75 years. Vascular renal diseases accounted for 22.5% and diabetic nephropathy for 20.6%. As a whole, 36.5% of patients were referred to the nephrologist less than 6 months before starting dialysis. In the latter, the median duration of hospitalization was 28 days, compared to only 3 days in patients cared for by the nephrologist for at least 6 months. Prevalence of patients on maintenance dialysis in the Ile-de-France district grew from 417 to 433/10(6) from the beginning until the end of year 1998, an increment of 3.8%, with an increase in the number of patients treated out-center by self-care hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

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Accession: 045977894

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PMID: 11068773

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