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Evaluation of diet and dimethylarsinic acid on the urothelium of Syrian golden hamsters

Evaluation of diet and dimethylarsinic acid on the urothelium of Syrian golden hamsters

Toxicologic Pathology 29(6): 600-606

Few studies have examined the carcinogenicity of chemicals toward the urinary bladder in hamsters, and the effect of diet on hamster urine and urothelium has not been reported. Our laboratory recently began investigating the effects of dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) on the hamster bladder, and we noticed subtle urothelial changes even in controls. The possible effect of various diets on hamster urothelium was evaluated by feeding different diets to 4-week-old Syrian Golden hamsters for 5 weeks. The diets examined were Tekland 8656, Purina 5002, Purina 5L79, and NIH-07. Light microscopic examination showed a slight increase in urothelial hyperplasia in hamsters fed Purina 5L79. An increase in the incidence of urinary bladder necrosis, exfoliation, and mild hyperplasia were noted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with all dietary preparations except NIH-07. The constituents in the diets producing the urothelial alterations are not known at present, but NIH-07 diet was chosen for experiments to investigate the effects of DMA on the hamster bladder epithelium. Male and female 5-week-old Syrian Golden hamsters were fed 100 ppm DMA for 10 weeks. Examination of urinary parameters showed no treatment-related changes. Light microscopic examination and SEM revealed no changes of the urothelium of DMA-treated male or female hamsters.

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Accession: 046009172

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PMID: 11794375

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