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Evaluation of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy with both QRS voltage and ST-T change using echocardiography



Evaluation of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy with both QRS voltage and ST-T change using echocardiography



Rinsho Byori. Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology 45(8): 757-762



The purpose of the present study is to determine whether electrocardiographic QRS voltage criteria with ST-T change is useful in the diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) using echocardiography. One hundred men including 59 with hypertension (HT), 9 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and 32 without any cardiovascular disease were enrolled in this study. All of them had the electrocardiographic evidence of LVH by Sokolow-Lyon voltage criteria (RV5 or RV6 > 2.6 mV, SV1+RV5 or SV1+RV6 > or = 3.5 mV). They were classified into three groups based on ST-T pattern as follows: Normal ST-T (group N): normal ST-T in twelve leads; Early strain ST-T (group ES): ST depression, flat T (T/R < 1/10), diphasic T or T wave inversion < 0.1 mV in V5 or V6; and Strain ST-T (group S): inverted T wave in V5 and V6. Echocardiographic LVH was determined when either interventricular septal thickness (IVST) or left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT) > or = 12 mm was present. According to this echocardiographic evidence, 31.7%(20/63) of group N, 75.0% (12/16) of group ES, and 100% (21/21) of group S were diagnosed. There were significant correlations between QRS voltage indices (RV5, RV6, SV1+RV5 and SV1+RV6) and IVST, (IVST+LVPWT)/2, and LV mass in group S(r = 0.650 to 0.858, p < 0.05) but not in group N. Values for IVST and LV mass were significantly greater in group S than in group ES or N. The electrocardiographic diagnosis of LVH with both QRS voltage and ST-T change thus appeared to be more useful than that with QRS voltage criteria alone.

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Accession: 046009507

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PMID: 9283227


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