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Evaluation of high-flux hemodiafiltration efficiency using an on-line urea monitor

Evaluation of high-flux hemodiafiltration efficiency using an on-line urea monitor

American Journal of Kidney Diseases 31(1): 74-80

On-line urea monitoring of the effluent dialysate offers a real-time assessment of dialysis efficiency and metabolic/nutritional characteristics of hemodialysis patients. Quantitative parameters were evaluated by dialysate urea kinetic modeling (DUKM) with an on-line urea sensor in 23 patients treated by high-flux hemodiafiltration (HDF) (215 sessions of 210 to 240 minutes with a mean blood flow rate of 367 +/- 44 mL/min). Overall, the mean effective Kt/V was 1.52 +/- 0.29, the urea mass removed (22.8 +/- 5.5 g/session or 814 +/- 198 mmol/session), the solute removal index (SRI) 73% +/- 6.1%, and the mean normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), 1.15 +/- 0.31 g/kg/day. Blood urea kinetic modeling (BUKM), based on pre- and postsession urea concentrations, using equations from Daugirdas and Garred to calculate equilibrated Kt/V and nPCR, respectively, were in good agreement with DUKM, the differences observed appearing not clinically relevant. The variability of evaluated parameters was verified over consecutive sessions for a mean period of 3 weeks in the entire group. Mean variation in Kt/V was 8%; in urea mass removal, 18%; and in nPCR, 18%. When assessed over 1 week in a subgroup of 13 patients, Kt/V and PCR remained relatively stable, and urea mass removal per- and postsession declined from 23.5 +/- 8.0 g (840 +/- 285 mmol) to 18.7 +/- 6.3 g (667 +/- 225 mmol) from the first to the third session of the week, most likely as a consequence of interdialytic intervals. Predialysis urea concentrations followed the same trend. In the current study, DUKM with on-line urea sensor has confirmed that HDF is a highly efficient renal replacement modality; the variability observed in quantitative parameters supports a need for frequent adequacy monitoring. On-line urea monitoring of effluent dialysate is a simple device that provides the opportunity to tailor treatment to patient needs.

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Accession: 046010326

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9428455

DOI: 10.1053/ajkd.1998.v31.pm9428455

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