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Evaluation of risk factors in the development of postoperative complications in patients undergoing liver resection for cancer



Evaluation of risk factors in the development of postoperative complications in patients undergoing liver resection for cancer



Chirurgia Italiana 52(2): 123-129



A consecutive series of 134 hepatic resections for primary and metastatic cancer were analyzed to identify the risk factors for post-operative complications in patients with and without impaired liver reserve. Between January 1992 and January 2000 were performed 55 hepatectomies (41%--group 1) in 54 cirrhotic patients for hepatocarcinoma and 79 hepatic resections (59%--group 2) in 66 patients for primary hepatic malignancies or metastatic liver tumours in non cirrhotic liver. Among major postoperative complications bile leakage was recorded in 8 patients (6%) (6% with impaired liver reserve and 6% with normal reserve), hepatic failure in 8 patients (6%) (9% vs 4%; P = NS), ascites in 7 patients (5%) (11% vs 1%; P = 0.01), pneumonia in 4 patients (3%) (5% vs 1%; P = NS), intra-abdominal abscess in 2 patients (1%) (2% vs 1%; P = NS), postoperative haemorrhage in 2 patients (1%) (4% vs 0; P = NS), and gastrointestinal bleeding in 2 patients (1%) (4% vs 0; P = NS). There were 6 perioperative deaths (4%) (7% vs 2%; P = NS). The mean hospital stay was 21 +/- 10 days (range: 5-57) (24 +/- 10 vs 20 +/- 10; P = 0.02). Liver resection is a safe procedure even in cirrhotic patients providing they are well selected and there is minimal intraoperative blood loss.

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Accession: 046013189

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PMID: 10832537


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