+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Evaluation of the importance of Chlamydia T. and/or Mycoplasma H. and/or Ureaplasma U. genital infections and of antisperm antibodies in couples affected by muco-semen incompatibility and in couples with unexplained infertility



Evaluation of the importance of Chlamydia T. and/or Mycoplasma H. and/or Ureaplasma U. genital infections and of antisperm antibodies in couples affected by muco-semen incompatibility and in couples with unexplained infertility



Acta Europaea Fertilitatis 24(1): 13-17



Both the male and female partners of 28 couples with muco-semen incompatibility and of 8 couples with unexplained infertility were examined for the presence of genital infections by Chlamydia T. and/or Mycoplasma H. and/or Ureaplasma U. (CMU infections), and for topical and serum antisperm antibodies (AS-abs). The presence of other common genital infections, and for Candida A. and Trichomonas had previously been excluded in all the subjects; all the female partners presented normal hysterosalpingographs, regular ovulatory function and cervical score > or = 10. The main cause of the muco-semen incompatibility was dysspermia (35.7%), either associated or not with male CMU infections, followed by female CMU infections (21.4%), male CMU infections without dysspermia (3.6%), and the presence of AS-abs in the mucus (3.6%) and in the semen (3.6%); in 32.6% of the cases no plausible explanation was found for muco-semen incompatibility. In 42.8% CMU infections were implicated in the muco-semen incompatibility; furthermore, there was associated dysspermia in 50% of the cases. AS-abs were found in the mucus or in the serum of 70% of the patients with CMU infections, while this figure went down to 34.6% in subjects not affected by such infections. None of the patients with CMU infections showed AS-abs either in the semen and/or in the serum. AS-abs were found in the serum of 25% of the female patients with so-called "unexplained" infertility. CMU infections are important for the determination of muco-semen incompatibility, both with and without dyspermia.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 046015701

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8303968


Related references

Assessment of Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Mycoplasma hominis, and Mycoplasma genitalium in semen and first void urine specimens of asymptomatic male partners of infertile couples. Journal of Andrology 29(2): 198-206, 2007

Correlation between immunosuppressive activity of seminal plasma antisperm antibodies and spermine levels in couples with unexplained infertility. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 24(11): 695, 1988

Chlamydia, Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma infections in infertile couples and effects of these infections on fertility. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 283(2): 379-385, 2011

The relationship between antisperm antibodies prevalence and genital chlamydia trachomatis infection in women with unexplained infertility. African Journal of Reproductive Health 15(3): 93, 2011

The Relationship between Antisperm Antibodies Prevalence and Genital Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Women with Unexplained Infertility. African Journal of Reproductive Health / La Revue Africaine de la Santé Reproductive 15(3): 93-101, 2011

Prevalence of genital chlamydia and mycoplasma infection in couples attending a male infertility clinic. European Journal of Epidemiology 10(1): 69-73, 1994

Prevalence of Genital Chlamydia and Mycoplasma Infection in Couples Attending a Male Infertility Clinic. European Journal of Epidemiology 10(1): 69-73, 1994

Microbial agents associated with bovine genital tract infections and semen. Part II. Haemophilus somnus, Mycoplasma spp and Ureaplasma spp, Chlamydia; pathogens and semen contaminants; treatments of bull semen with antimicrobial agents. Veterinary Bulletin 62(9): 887-910, 1992

Immunology: Autoimmunity to spermatozoa, asymptomatic Chlamydia trachomatis genital tract infection and T lymphocytes in seminal fluid from the male partners of couples with unexplained infertility. Human Reproduction 10(5): 1070-1074, 1995

Autoimmunity to spermatozoa, asymptomatic Chlamydia trachomatis genital tract infection in gamma-delta T lymphocytes in seminal fluid from the male partners of couples with unexplained infertility. Human Reproduction (Oxford) 10(5): 1070-1074, 1995

The occurrence of Chlamydia, Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma in sterile married couples. Ceskoslovenska Gynekologie 55(8): 593-596, 1990

Immunological assessment of infertility by estimation of antisperm antibodies in infertile couples. Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 42(1): 37-43, 1999

Concordance of Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis in infertile couples: impact on semen parameters. Urology 81(6): 1219-1224, 2013

Systematic screening tests for Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum in urogenital specimens of infertile couples. Pathologie-Biologie 54(3): 125-129, 2006

Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis in semen by the polymerase chain reaction in males members of couples Series of 103 couples. Human Reproduction 14(ABSTR BOOK 1): 342-343, 1999