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Excimer laser assisted angioplasty. Immediate results in the treatment of complex coronary lesions

Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux 89(4): 407-415

Excimer laser assisted angioplasty. Immediate results in the treatment of complex coronary lesions

Transluminal coronary angioplasty (TCA) with pulsed excimer laser (CVX 300 Spectranetics) was performed in 89 patients (age 63.7 years); CCS I: 6; CCS II: 12; CCS III: 40; CCS IV: 31; instable: 58%. There was a previous history of myocardial infarction (MI) in 27 cases, TCA (9 restenoses) in 24 cases, 19 bypass graft procedures, 13 failures of TCA. The lesions (n = 90) affected the left main coronary artery: 1 case; the left anterior descending artery: 37 cases; the left circumflex: 8 cases; the right coronary: 28 cases and there were saphenous vein grafts in 16 cases. The lesions were classified B2 (ACC/AHA) in 56 cases and type C in 34 cases. There were 24 lesions > 10 mm, 15 > 20 mm; calcification in 49 cases; excentric in 65 cases; ostial in 9 cases; affecting bifurcations in 13 cases; affecting collateral vessels in 16 cases; chronic occlusions in 12 cases and restenoses of stents in 4 cases. Multifiber catheters: 1.4 mm (50), 1.7 mm (41) and 2 mm (3), were used to deliver energies of 43.3 mj/m2 (+/- 8.1 mj) with an average of 5.2 +/- 1.2 applications persite, and 2.7 +/- 1.1 passages. A balloon dilatation was performed after laser angioplasty in 96% of cases. The following results were observed: success of laser angioplasty (20% reduction of stenosis) in 95.5%, a successful procedure (residual stenosis less than 50% without major complications) in 95.5%, and a clinical success (no pathological Q wave or non-Q wave infarction, bypass graft, or repeat TCA): 92.1%. The following complications were observed: death = 0, non-Q wave infarction 2.2%, emergency bypass surgery in 1 case with Q wave infarction: 1.1%. The use of laser angioplasty may be proposed in the following indications: long, moderately calcified lesion, ostial lesions, complete occlusions, bypass graft disease, failure of angioplasty. In addition to these indications, we propose the treatment of restenosis on stents. The main disadvantage of the Excimer Laser is the poor cost/benefit ratio, given the relatively small number of indications.

Accession: 046030345

PMID: 8762999

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