+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Exposure to violence and presence of depression among low-income, African-American youth

Exposure to violence and presence of depression among low-income, African-American youth

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 61(3): 528-531

Distributional properties and correlates of the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) were presented for a sample (n = 221) of low-income, African-American youths between 7 and 18 years of age. The results showed that younger children and those living in a household without their mother reported more depressive symptoms. Regression analyses revealed that victims of violence reported more depressive symptoms. However, chronic exposure to violence, in the form of witnessing violent acts, was not significantly related to depression. On further inspection, it was discovered that witnessing violence had a negative effect on depression. This finding, although somewhat unexpected, may be the result of some youths possessing a set of extraordinary coping mechanisms that help to insulate them from negative environmental experiences.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 046044959

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8326056

DOI: 10.1037/0022-006x.61.3.528

Related references

Violence exposure and teen dating violence among African American youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30(12): 2174-2195, 2016

Effects of exposure to community violence on internalizing symptoms: does desensitization to violence occur in African American youth?. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 39(5): 711-719, 2011

Profiles of Community Violence Exposure Among African American Youth: An Examination of Desensitization to Violence Using Latent Class Analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 31(11): 2077-2101, 2015

School violence, adjustment, and the influence of hope on low-income, African American youth. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 80(2): 213-226, 2010

The prevalence and consequences of exposure to violence among African-American youth. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 32(2): 424-430, 1993

Exposure to community violence and social maladjustment among urban African American youth. Journal of Adolescence 37(7): 1161-1170, 2015

Exposure to community violence and daily feeling states among urban African American youth. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community 39(2): 114-131, 2011

Patterns of Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk in Low-Income, Urban African American Girls. Psychology of Violence 2(2): 194-207, 2012

Childhood violence exposure and the development of sexual risk in low-income African American girls. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 37(6): 1091-1101, 2015

Exposure to Verbal Parental Aggression and Sexual Activity among Low Income African American Youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies 23(2): 285-292, 2014

Testing pathways linking exposure to community violence and sexual behaviors among African American youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 43(9): 1513-1526, 2015

Exposure to Community Violence and Sexual Behaviors Among African American Youth: Testing Multiple Pathways. Behavioral Medicine (): 1-9, 2016

Exposure to community violence and protective and risky contexts among low income urban African American adolescents: a prospective study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 40(2): 174-186, 2011

The Least of These Chronic Exposure to Violence and HIV Risk Behaviors Among African American Male Violent Youth Offenders Detained in an Adult Jail. Journal of Black Psychology 39(1): 28-62, 2013

Urban stress and mental health among African-American youth: assessing the link between exposure to violence, problem behavior, and coping strategies. Journal of Cultural Diversity 8(3): 94-104, 2002