Expression of human lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase in transgenic mice: effects on cholesterol efflux, esterification, and transport
Francone, O.L.; Haghpassand, M.; Bennett, J.A.; Royer, L.; McNeish, J.
Journal of Lipid Research 38(4): 813-822
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-2275 PMID: 9144096 Accession: 046050524
Human lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is a key enzyme in the plasma metabolism of cholesterol and is postulated to participate in a physiologic process called reverse cholesterol transport. We have used transgenic mice expressing the human LCAT transgene to study the effect of increased plasma levels of LCAT in each of the proposed steps involved in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway. High density lipoprotein (HDL) from LCAT transgenic mice was 44% more efficient than control mouse HDL in the efflux of cholesterol from human skin fibroblasts. Esterification of cell-derived cholesterol was also markedly increased in mice expressing the human LCAT transgene. The rate of plasma clearance of HDL cholesteryl ester was virtually the same in both types of animals whereas the HDL cholesteryl ester transport rate was significantly increased in mice expressing the human LCAT transgene (152.3 +/- 16.9 micrograms/h vs. 203.1 +/- 30.9 micrograms/h in control and transgenic mice, respectively). Liver cholesteryl ester uptake was significantly increased in mice expressing human LCAT (58.0 +/- 1.4 micrograms/h/g liver vs. 77.9 +/- 1.7 micrograms/h/g liver in control and transgenic mice, respectively). These studies indicate that LCAT modulates the rate by which cholesterol is effluxed from cell membranes onto HDL, esterified, and transported to the liver.