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Expression of islet amyloid polypeptide in fetal and adult porcine and human pancreatic islet cells



Expression of islet amyloid polypeptide in fetal and adult porcine and human pancreatic islet cells



Endocrinology 138(4): 5319-5325



The synthesis and intracellular localization of the putative hormone islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) and its relation to insulin and glucagon during ontogenesis was investigated in fetal and adult porcine and human pancreatic islets. By means of ultrastructural immunogold immunocytochemistry, it was revealed that IAPP is produced by the hormonally pluripotent endocrine stem cells from the earliest time point studied. IAPP was colocalized with insulin and glucagon in the immature and nondifferentiated cell granules in both species. In adult man, highly intense IAPP immunoreactivity was found in beta-cell granules and, at lower intensity, in delta-cell granules. Some alpha-cells also contained a small amount of IAPP in their granules, and among these occasional granules displayed an intense immunoreactivity. In adult pig, IAPP was stored in quantity in beta-cell granules and in small amounts in granules of alpha- and delta-cells. It was difficult to determine the presence of IAPP in pancreatic polypeptide cells, because they were so seldom seen in this material. It is concluded that, in both man and pig, fetal pancreatic islet stem cells synthesize and store IAPP together with insulin and glucagon. The storage in different types of cells and granules was not as predictable as that of the classical islet hormones. The substance is more widely distributed within the pancreatic islet cell types than are any of the other islet hormones, which presumably has functional implications.

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Accession: 046050929

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PMID: 9075744


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