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Functional magnetic resonance imaging of the primary visual cortex: evaluation of human afferent visual system

Functional magnetic resonance imaging of the primary visual cortex: evaluation of human afferent visual system

Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 39(3): 302-308

The authors evaluated signal changes in the human primary visual cortex during visual stimulation using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner at 1.5 Tesla. Experiments were performed on 10 normal volunteers and 2 patients with homonymous hemianopsia. In the normal volunteers, a signal increase was observed on the bilateral primary visual cortex during hemifield stimulation. In one patient with homonymous hemianopsia after cerebral infarction, the signal change was clearly decreased on the affected side. In the other patient, who was recovering from multiple sclerosis to an almost normal visual field, the fMRI results were within normal limits. These results suggest that it is possible to map noninvasively the activation of the visual stimulation with a clinical MRI system, and that this test might be useful as an objective method of visual field examination.

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Accession: 046135920

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PMID: 8577083

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