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Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome in 2 Venezuelan patients

Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome in 2 Venezuelan patients

Investigacion Clinica 35(2): 105-114

Hallervorden Spatz syndrome (HSS), described in 1.922, is a rare progressive disorder recessively inherited involving the basal ganglia. It is manifested clinically by mental deterioration, rigidity, choreoathetosis and spasticity evident during the first two decades of life. Increased concentration of iron in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra has been demonstrated convincingly. the objective of this paper is to describe two venezuelan children with this syndrome. Patient 1 is a 14-year-old boy with progressive impairment of language, mental deterioration and slowing of voluntary movements started at the age of 8 years. Patient 2 is a young girl first examined at 8 years of age because of psychomotor development delay, progressive impairment of gait, rigidity of the limbs, progressive dystonia and mental deterioration. Multiple test were performed, including metabolic studies, CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging in the brain. These two cases may lead us to think that besides the Huntington Disease, the HSS is also an entity to be taken into consideration in a young patient with movement disorder, mental deterioration and progressive course.

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Accession: 046210034

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PMID: 7918758

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