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Hand-assisted laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass: aspects of surgical technique and early results

Hand-assisted laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass: aspects of surgical technique and early results

Obesity Surgery 10(5): 420-427

The efficacy of Roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGBP) for morbid obesity is well documented. We investigated the role of the Hand-assisted laparoscopic technique for performing RYGBP. In an open series, 13 patients (all female, median age 38, BMI 45 kg/m(2)) underwent Hand-assisted laparoscopic RYGBP. The HandPort was introduced through an 8-cm right subcostal incision. The stomach was always completely transected. The Roux limb was made > 50 cm and brought to the proximal gastric pouch (4 x 3 cm) behind the colon and the excluded stomach. A circular stapler (no. 21) was used for the gastrojejunostomy, with the anvil introduced through a gastrotomy. The HandPort device could be successfully placed and allowed good working conditions in all patients. Median duration of surgery (including learning-curve time) and postoperative hospital stay were 205 min and 5 days, respectively. The amount of morphine needed (PCA) during postoperative day 1-3 were 45, 32 and 18 mg, respectively. One patient (8%) was converted to full laparotomy for safe closure of a small perforation of the proximal gastric pouch caused by the anvil of the circular stapler. All patients made an uneventful recovery. Two patients needed endoscopic dilatation of a relative stricture at the gastrojejunostomy. We believe that Hand-assistance makes Lap-RYGBP faster and safer without losing the essential benefits of total laparoscopy.

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Accession: 046211017

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11054246

DOI: 10.1381/096089200321594282

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