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Hantavirus pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome: epidemiology, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis and treatment



Hantavirus pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome: epidemiology, clinical presentation, laboratory diagnosis and treatment



Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 34(1): 13-23



The Hantavirus pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome (HPCVS) is an emerging disease in Brazil. In this study, eight confirmed cases of HPCVS were studied. All the patients presented fever and dyspnea as well as thrombocytopenia and hypoxemia. Tachycardia, malaise, hypotension and lung rales occurred in 75 to 87.5% of the cases. Hemoconcentration, blood cell count increased and immature neutrophils, and high levels of creatinine were observed in 75 to 87.5%. Intravenous liquid infusion, the use of drugs for increasing systemic vascular resistance and inotropism, and mechanic ventilation were used for the patients. Mechanical ventilation and volume administration should be started precociously, preferable in intensive care units employing recommended universal and respiratory precautions. Careful volume administration should be limited if signs of pulmonary edema develop. Mortality (50%) is high and probably related to the severity of the disease as well as to a delayed attending of the patients for intensive management. It is important to report hantaviruses and HPCVS to the Brazilian medical community considering that many cases could be undiagnosed.

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Accession: 046211883

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PMID: 11340492


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