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Health and social security reforms in Latin America: the convergence of the World Health Organization, the World Bank, and transnational corporations


Health and social security reforms in Latin America: the convergence of the World Health Organization, the World Bank, and transnational corporations



International Journal of Health Services: Planning Administration Evaluation 31(4): 729-768



ISSN/ISBN: 0020-7314

PMID: 11809007

DOI: 10.2190/70be-tj0q-p7wj-2elu

International financial institutions have played an increasing role in the formation of social policy in Latin American countries over the last two decades, particularly in health and pension programs. World Bank loans and their attached policy conditions have promoted several social security reforms within a neoliberal framework that privileges the role of the market in the provision of health and pensions. Moreover, by endorsing the privatization of health services in Latin America, the World Health Organization has converged with these policies. The privatization of social security has benefited international corporations that become partners with local business elites. Thus the World Health Organization, international financial institutions, and transnational corporations have converged in the neoliberal reforms of social security in Latin America. Overall, the process represents a mechanism of resource transfer from labor to capital and sheds light on one of the ways in which neoliberalism may affect the health of Latin American populations.

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Accession: 046216833

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