+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Health effects of tropospheric ozone: review of recent research findings and their implications to ambient air quality standards

Health effects of tropospheric ozone: review of recent research findings and their implications to ambient air quality standards

Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 3(1): 103-129

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator proposed (on August 3, 1992) to retain the current National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ozone (O3) on the basis of data assembled in a draft Criteria Document (1986) and its Addendum (1988) which, together with a draft Staff Paper (1988), received public comment and review comments by the EPA's Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC). This paper summarizes and discusses research findings presented since 1988 which, based on the author's experience as a Chairman of CASAC, are most relevant to the promulgation of a primary (health based) NAAQS for O3. These newer findings include substantial evidence from controlled chamber exposure studies and field studies in natural settings that the current NAAQS contains no margin of safety against short-term effects that the EPA has considered to be adverse. They also include evidence from epidemiologic studies that current ambient exposures are associated with reduced baseline lung function, exacerbation of asthma and premature mortality, as well as evidence from chronic animal exposure studies at concentrations within current ambient peak levels that indicate progressive and persistent lung function and structural abnormalities. The current NAAQS, if retained, may therefore also be inadequate to protect the public from effects resulting from chronic exposure to O3.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 046220213

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8518544

Related references

Nitrogen dioxide inside and outside 137 homes and implications for ambient air quality standards and health effects research. Environmental Science and Technology 17(3): 164-168, 1983

UV-B screening by tropospheric ozone: Implications for the National Ambient Air Quality Standard. Environmental Science & Technology 31(3): 142A-146A, 1997

An air quality data analysis system for interrelating effects standards and needed source reductions part 10. potential ambient ozone standards to limit soybean crop reduction. JAPCA 38(12): 1497-1503, 1988

Changes in air quality and tropospheric composition due to depletion of stratospheric ozone and interactions with changing climate: implications for human and environmental health. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 14(1): 149-169, 2014

Abatement of tropospheric ozone: effects of strategies to improve air quality on public health and other sectors. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 20(3): 301-308, 1996

Tropospheric ozone assessment report: Global ozone metrics for climate change, human health, and crop/ecosystem research. Elementa 1: 1, 2018

Interactive effects of changing stratospheric ozone and climate on tropospheric composition and air quality, and the consequences for human and ecosystem health. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 2019, 2019

Detecting plant effects is necessary to give biological significance to ambient ozone monitoring data and predictive ozone standards. Environmental Pollution 126(3): 375-379, 2003

Ambient ozone patterns and effects over the Sierra Nevada: synthesis and implications for future research. Ozone air pollution in the Sierra Nevada: distribution and effects on forests: 249-261, 2003

The implications of ambient ozone standards for usa agriculture a comment and some further evidence. Journal of Environmental Management 24(2): 139-146, 1987

Summary of papers and research recommendations of Working Group on Tropospheric Ozone, Health Effects Institute environmental epidemiology planning project. Environmental Health Perspectives 101 Suppl 4: 237-239, 1993

Implications of environmental policy for usa agriculture the case of ambient ozone standards. Journal of Environmental Management 20(4): 321-332, 1985

A Historical Review of Changes in Nutrition Standards of USDA Child Meal Programs Relative to Research Findings on the Nutritional Adequacy of Program Meals and the Diet and Nutritional Health of Participants: Implications for Future Research and the Summer Food Service Program. Nutrients 7(12): 10145-10167, 2016

Global tropospheric ozone dynamics: Part I: Tropospheric ozone precursors: Part II: Numerical modelling of tropospheric ozone variability. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 8(1): 57-62, 2001

Comparison of the 1-Hr and 8-Hr National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone Using Models-3. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 53(12): 1531-1540, 2003