Section 47
Chapter 46,251

High seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus and dual infection (hepatitis B and C virus) in non-alcoholic chronic liver disease in north India

Sood, A.; Sidhu, S.S.; Midha, V.; Jyoti, D.

Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 47(2): 205-208


ISSN/ISBN: 0004-5772
PMID: 10999093
Accession: 046250243

There are conflicting reports on the prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) mediated chronic liver disease (CLD) in India. To study the prevalence of HBV and HCV associated in CLD in north India. Eighty five patients (66 males, 19 females; age range 16-70 years) with unequivocal CLD were analysed. CLD patients with nonviral aetiologies were excluded. All sera were tested for anti-HCV by EIA (third generation), HBsAg, IgM and IgG anti-HBc, HBeAg/Anti-HBe by EIA (Abbott Diagnostics, IL). Positive anti-HCV results were confirmed by RIBA-II assay. Sixteen (18.8%), 22 (25.9%) and 21 (24.7%) patients had HBV, HCV and HBV + HCV infection, respectively. Twenty six (30.6%) CLD patients had no viral markers. HCV is emerging as an important cause of CLD in India. Dual infection (HBV + HCV) is seen in 25% patients. Dual infection influences the prognosis and response rates to interferon therapy.

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