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Highly diastereoselective 1,4-addition of an organocuprate to methyl alpha-D-gluco-, alpha-D-manno-, or alpha-D-galactopyranosides tethering an alpha,beta-unsaturated ester. Novel asymmetric access to beta-C-substituted butanoic acids

Highly diastereoselective 1,4-addition of an organocuprate to methyl alpha-D-gluco-, alpha-D-manno-, or alpha-D-galactopyranosides tethering an alpha,beta-unsaturated ester. Novel asymmetric access to beta-C-substituted butanoic acids

Journal of Organic Chemistry 66(18): 5965-5975

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3263

PMID: 11529719

The 1,4-addition of magnesium divinylcuprate prepared from vinylmagnesium bromide and cuprous bromide to some 4-O-crotonyl derivatives of methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside proceeds with a high level of diastereochemical induction, providing the adduct in good-to-excellent yields. Other organocuprates also serve as effective carbon nucleophiles for the 1,4-addition. Removal of the carbohydrate moiety from each adduct afforded a variety of beta-C-substituted butanoic esters in remarkable enantiomeric excess. The 1,4-addition of the same cuprate to some methyl alpha-D-manno- or alpha-D-galactopyranosidic substrates in which a crotonyl group was incorporated, each at 3-OH, was also investigated. The reverse pi-facial attack of the cuprate was observed when some D-manno-type substrates were subjected to 1,4-addition conditions similar to those used for the D-gluco-type substrates. Furthermore, some D-galacto-type substrates provided 1,4-adducts with higher diastereoselectivities.

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Accession: 046255995

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