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Host defenses in APD



Host defenses in APD



Seminars in Dialysis 15(6): 414-417



The incidence of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) has further decreased after the introduction of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) into clinical routine. Technical advances such as a reduction in the number of connections, more motivated patients, and improved host defense mechanisms in APD have been described. We found that the long daytime interval without dialysate exchanges leads to a higher absolute number of peritoneal macrophages which are capable of an improved first-line host defense. This is demonstrated by a higher release of cytokines of peritoneal macrophages after stimulation with lipopolysaccharides. The dry "day" in nightly intermittent PD seems to have no relevant additional positive effects on peritoneal host defense compared to continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis. The regeneration of peritoneal cell populations induced by intervals without PD remains relevant even in times when more "biocompatible" PD solutions become available.

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Accession: 046274781

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PMID: 12437536


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