+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Host defenses in APD

Host defenses in APD

Seminars in Dialysis 15(6): 414-417

The incidence of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) has further decreased after the introduction of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) into clinical routine. Technical advances such as a reduction in the number of connections, more motivated patients, and improved host defense mechanisms in APD have been described. We found that the long daytime interval without dialysate exchanges leads to a higher absolute number of peritoneal macrophages which are capable of an improved first-line host defense. This is demonstrated by a higher release of cytokines of peritoneal macrophages after stimulation with lipopolysaccharides. The dry "day" in nightly intermittent PD seems to have no relevant additional positive effects on peritoneal host defense compared to continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis. The regeneration of peritoneal cell populations induced by intervals without PD remains relevant even in times when more "biocompatible" PD solutions become available.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 046274781

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12437536

Related references

Overcoming Obstacles to Metastasis - Defenses Against Host Defenses: Osteopontin (OPN) as a Shield Against Attack by Cytotoxic Host Cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 56(1): 48-51, 1994

Modulation of host defenses to parasitic infection during acute graft-vs-host reaction. Journal of Immunology 150(8 PART 2): 231A, 1993

Modeling the population dynamics of a cuckoo-host association and the evolution of host defenses. American Naturalist 142(5): 819-839, 1993

Perspectives: Pulmonary Host Defenses, The Host, and The Development of Lung Disease. Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1(03): 187-196, 1980

Advances in host defense mechanisms vol 6 host defenses in trauma and surgery. Davis, Jd G. T. Shires (ed.). Advances In Host Defense Mechanisms, Vol. 6. Host Defenses In Trauma And Surgery. Ix . Raven Press: New York, N.y., Usa. Illus. Ix 198p, 1986

Host orientation behavior of Dendroctonus ponderosae: integration of token stimuli host and defenses. Mechanisms of woody plant defences against insects: search for pattern William J Mattson Jean Levieux C Bernard Dagan editors: 390, 1988

Two host cytoplasmic effectors are required for pathogenesis of Phytophthora sojae by suppression of host defenses. Plant Physiology 155(1): 490-501, 2011

Tipping the balance: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum secreted oxalic acid suppresses host defenses by manipulating the host redox environment. Plos Pathogens 7(6): E1002107, 2011

Toxoplasma gondii TgIST co-opts host chromatin repressors dampening STAT1-dependent gene regulation and IFN-γ-mediated host defenses. Journal of Experimental Medicine 213(9): 1779-1798, 2017

The Mutualist Laccaria bicolor Expresses a Core Gene Regulon During the Colonization of Diverse Host Plants and a Variable Regulon to Counteract Host-Specific Defenses. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 28(3): 261-273, 2015

Host defenses. Revista Clinica Espanola 167(6): 341-344, 1982

Uremia and host defenses. New England Journal of Medicine 322(11): 770-772, 1990

Host defenses against zygomycetes. Clinical Infectious Diseases 54 Suppl 1: S61-S66, 2012

Host defenses against cryptococcosis. Immunological Investigations 40(7-8): 786-808, 2012

Respiratory host defenses. Clark, T J H (Ed ) Clinical Investigation Of Respiratory Disease Xivp 526p +++chapman And Hall: London, England Illus P301-336, 1981