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Host-guest interactions at self-assembled monolayers of cyclodextrins on gold

Host-guest interactions at self-assembled monolayers of cyclodextrins on gold

Chemistry 6(7): 1176-1183

We have developed synthesis routes for the introduction of short and long dialkylsulfides onto the primary side of alpha-, beta-, and gamma-cyclodextrins. Monolayers of these cyclodextrin adsorbates were characterized by electrochemistry, wettability studies, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The differences in thickness and polarity of the outerface of the monolayers were measured by electro-chemistry and wettability studies. On average about 70% of the sulfide moieties were used for binding to the gold, as measured by XPS. Tof-SIMS measurements showed that the cyclodextrin adsorbates adsorb without any bond breakage. AFM measurements revealed for beta-cyclodextrin monolayers a quasi-hexagonal lattice with a lattice constant of 20.6 A, which matches the geometrical size of the adsorbate. The alpha-cyclodextrin and gamma-cyclodextrin monolayers are less ordered. Interactions of the anionic guests 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (1,8-ANS) and 2-(p-toluidinyl)naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid (2,6-TNS) and the highly ordered monolayers of heptapodant beta-cyclodextrin adsorbates were studied by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The SPR measurements clearly showed interactions between a beta-cyclodextrin monolayer and 1,8-ANS. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements gave high responses even at low guest concentrations (< or = 5 microM). The association constant for the binding of 1,8-ANS (K = 289,000 +/- 13,000M-1) is considerably higher than the corresponding value in solution. (Partial) methylation of the secondary side of the beta-cyclodextrin strongly decreases the binding.

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Accession: 046274982

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PMID: 10785803

DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1521-3765(20000403)6:7<1176::aid-chem1176>3.0.co;2-1

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