+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

How much weight gain occurs following smoking cessation? A comparison of weight gain using both continuous and point prevalence abstinence



How much weight gain occurs following smoking cessation? A comparison of weight gain using both continuous and point prevalence abstinence



Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 65(2): 286-291



Estimates of postcessation weight gain vary widely. This study determined the magnitude of weight gain in a cohort using both point prevalence and continuous abstinence criteria for cessation. Participants were 196 volunteers who participated in a smoking cessation program and who either continuously smoked (n = 118), were continuously abstinent (n = 51), or who were point prevalent abstinent (n = 27) (i.e., quit at the 1-year follow-up visit but not at others). Continuously abstinent participants gained over 13 lbs. (5.90 kg) at 1 year, significantly more than continuously smoking (M = 2.4 lb.) and point prevalent abstinent participants (M = 6.7 lbs., or 3.04 kg). Individual growth curve analysis confirmed that weight gain and the rate of weight gain (pounds per month) were greater among continuously smoking participants and that these effects were independent of gender, baseline weight, smoking and dieting history, age, and education. Results suggest that studies using point prevalence abstinence to estimate postcessation weight gain may be underestimating postcessation weight gain.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 046280334

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9086692

DOI: 10.1037/0022-006x.65.2.286


Related references

Continuous smoking cessation was associated with weight gain. Evidence-Based Nursing 1(1): 24-24, 1998

Eating orientation, postcessation weight gain, and continued abstinence among female smokers receiving an unsolicited smoking cessation intervention. Health Psychology 18(1): 29-36, 1999

The role of weight concern and self-efficacy in smoking cessation and weight gain among smokers in a clinic-based cessation program. Addictive Behaviors 23(5): 609-622, 1998

Does physical exercise in addition to a multicomponent smoking cessation program increase abstinence rate and suppress weight gain? An intervention study. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 15(4): 275-282, 2001

Weight gain following smoking cessation a possible role for nicotine replacement in weight management. Uicc (Union Internationale Contre Le Cancer, International Union Against Cancer) 14th International Cancer Congress, Budapest, Hungary, Aug 21-27, Abstracts, Lectures, Symposia And Free Communications, Vols 1, 2, 3, Late Abstracts, And Register Xvi+479p (Vol 1); Xvi+298p (Vol 2); Xvi+531p (Vol 3); 15p (Late Abstracts); 40p (Register) S Karger Ag: Basel, Switzerland; New York, N Y , Usa; Akademiai Kiado: Budapest, Hungary Paper 1206, 1986

Weight gain following smoking cessation: a possible role for nicotine replacement in weight management. Addictive Behaviors 12(2): 151-155, 1987

Impact of baseline weight on smoking cessation and weight gain in quitlines. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 47(2): 208-217, 2014

Smoking cessation and weight gain during pregnancy effects on birth weight. Teratology 37(5): 457, 1988

Effect of smoking cessation on gestational and postpartum weight gain and neonatal birth weight. Obstetrics and Gynecology 122(3): 618-625, 2013

Inaccurate Estimation of Body Weight Prior to Smoking Cessation: Implications for Quitting and Weight Gain. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research 4(2): 79-84, 1999

Smoking cessation related to body weight and weight gain cross sectional and longitudinal observations. Clinical & Investigative Medicine 15(4 Suppl.): A16, 1992

Male adolescents identify their weight gain practices, reasons for desired weight gain, and sources of weight gain information. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 101(1): 105-107, 2001

Smoking cessation and long-term weight gain in the Framingham Heart Study: an application of the parametric g-formula for a continuous outcome. European Journal of Epidemiology 31(12): 1223-1229, 2016

Early weight gain after stopping smoking: a predictor of overall large weight gain? A single-site retrospective cohort study. Bmj Open 8(12): E023987, 2018

The effectiveness of naltrexone combined with current smoking cessation medication to attenuate post smoking cessation weight gain: a literature review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice 10: 20, 2017